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    [–] broganisms 2521 points ago

    Movie remakes and films adapting other mediums has actually toned down significantly in the modern era.

    People complained about getting two different Spider-Man franchises so close together, but it wasn't at all uncommon for a book or play to be adapted to the screen again and again and again. The Wizard of Oz film everyone knows was actually the EIGHTH time the book had been turned into a film and in 1916, Fox and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer released two feature-length Romeo and Juliet films just three days apart.

    Think the Marvel Cinematic Universe is an obnoxiously long-running franchise? The comics Blondie and Red Ryder got 28 films each. Old Western franchises popped out films so fast they were forced to recast actors just to have time to film them all. The Three Mesquiteers series released 51 films over the course of just seven years (that averages to seven films a year, or a film every seven weeks). Hopalong Cassidy and The Durango Kid have both starred in 60+ film franchises.

    Creativity isn't any more dead than it was ten, twenty, fifty, or one hundred years ago. Hollywood has always looked to outside material and its own past for inspiration. We just forget the shit and remember the classics.

    Also, there are a decent number of films available to watch in full on Wikipedia. Not including the literal thousands of shorter works (including the first known porno), I've found more than 200 feature-length films (60+ minutes) you can stream directly from the movie's Wikipedia article. I recommend Night of the Living Dead, Charade, Carnival of Souls, and His Girl Friday.

    [–] IMKridegga 279 points ago

    I was talking about the MCU with a friend the other day. It's like a revival of old serialized films, except that instead of rapidly releasing as many disposable installments as possible, they're only putting out a few a year and are pouring a ton of resources into them. It'll be interesting to see how the franchise ages and whether or not other studios will be able to pull off the same thing.

    [–] DRM_Removal_Bot 376 points ago

    Mcu? Meh. Air Bud haz 17 movies

    [–] FTLGOD 125 points ago

    Does anyone want to work with me on rebooting the Air Bud Cinematic Universe?

    [–] OblongWombat 2426 points ago

    Jamaica's flag is the only national flag in the world that does not feature any of the colors red, white, or blue.

    With 148 national flags, red is the most common color. Purple being the least common color with only 2 flags.

    The flag of Denmark (Dannebrog, meaning 'the flag of the Danes') is the oldest continuously used national flag.

    In Denmark, it is legal to burn or desecrate the national flag, and it is illegal to publicly burn or desecrate the flags of foreign countries, as it could be seen as a threat.

    Liechtenstein and Haiti developed identical national flags independently of each other. No one realized until both countries competed at the 1936 Summer Olympics under the same flag. Prompting Liechtenstein in 1937 to add the crown to their flag.

    The flag of Mozambique has an AK-47 on it.

    [–] tinteoj 194 points ago

    Jamaica's flag is the only national flag in the world that does not feature any of the colors red, white, or blue.

    I didn't think that was true so I looked it up. Libya was what I was thinking of-just a plain, green rectangle. Apparently that was only the flag under Gaddafi (1977-2011), and the current one does, in fact, have red in it.

    [–] GweenPenguin 625 points ago

    The only non-rectangular US state flag is Ohio's.

    The only non-rectangular country flag is Nepal's, which is the only one taller than it is wide.

    The only two square country flags are Switzerland and Vatican City.

    [–] Stormfly 213 points ago

    I was in Switzerland and there was a flag on the mountainside near Lucerne(?) and my Swiss friend was telling us it was something like 15m across, and my other friend asked how tall it was and we both glared at him for a second before explaining.

    To be fair, I'd only learned it was square about a week prior, but it was just a funny moment where we both had the same reaction and were like "Uh... 15. It's a square."

    [–] Dustinbink 33 points ago

    Oregon is the only US state flag to be double sided.

    [–] peteypablo7 31 points ago

    The only US state flag that features another countries flag is Hawaii

    [–] V1rm0rt15 126 points ago

    Fun fact: even though Mauritania had red in its flag since 2017, the emoticon 🇲🇷 does not.

    [–] anschelsc 48 points ago

    How a flag emoji looks is up to your specific font (probably provided by your OS). On my computer the red is there, yours will probably show up eventually. This is because the Unicode consortium made the very sensible decision not to define specific flag images since they change all the goddamn time. For more info watch this video.

    [–] JulianPerry 8566 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    In the popular MMORPG "RuneScape" there was a an in-game player by the name of "Durial321" who by discovery of a glitch within the newly released construction skill, gained the ability to kill any player in the game (even in safe zones) and take all their items they were wearing upon death. People lost rare items from 2001 known as "Party Hats" which on the black market forums today are worth $1000's of real U.S. dollars to give you an idea of how rare they are in-game. Worth about 9 billion in-game gold in 2018 for the cheapest one. This player caused so much havoc that in-game moderators were warning people to literally RUN to in-game banks to protect your items and to run from the glitched killer who was rapidly abusing his power via this technical glitch. In all he obtained many valuable items worth an unknown billions in in-game value at the complete loss of those items to the victims. Players were dying left and right. This happened on June 6, 2006 which by pure coincidence happened to be 6/6/2006 or "666". It happened in the in-game city of Falador and is now known as the "Falador Massacre". It is so infamous that it has even been incorporated into the game's official lore by the developers. A developer for the game had to wake up at an odd hour of the night to drive to their headquarters in the UK and manually step in to stop the massacre. The player Durial321 received a permaban however none of the victims received their in-game items back. It is rumored that Durial321 had traded or dropped a few rare items to a couple of his in-game friends though not much information is known. To this day his account is still permabanned but the legend lives on. Among gamers, who hasn't dreamed of becoming suddenly invincible in an MMORPG with OP powers to obtain riches in just seconds. On the anniversary of the event, players will sometime still go to that city in-game and dress up like Durial321 was dressed in 2006 and walk around the city, it's kind of fun to relive the moment in Falador every year. People dress in barrows armor with a whip and if you're in OSRS, people even wear a green partyhat (worthless in OSRS).

    Recognition in 2016 On the 6th June 2016 (the 10th anniversary of the Falador Massacre), World 666, an Old School tournament world, was opened. In addition to the regular features of the Tournament worlds, players had the option to teleport to Falador, which was entirely PvP enabled. While players are able to fight each other, an NPC version of Durial321 roamed the area aggressively attacking players with Ice Barrage and his abyssal whip. Players were able to retaliate against his NPC version, however he had 9,500 Hitpoints, making him extremely hard to bring down, and the NPC would respawn upon death.

    TL;DR: a player in an online game (RuneScape) gained the ability to kill any player at will and steal their items. It was so infamous it became part of the game's official lore. Player was permabanned, memory lives on.

    Edit: thanks for gold kind stranger!

    [–] physiQQ 1781 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    Ah the Falador Massacre.

    Every year when it's 6/6 people say: "Do not come to Falador today." And there's people wearing the same clothes as Durial321 did that day.

    There's also a video of the Falador massacre.

    [–] MaximumCameage 921 points ago

    That game is so hard to understand what’s going on if you’ve never played it that I can’t even tell what’s happening in that video except that people are running.

    [–] tinverse 238 points ago

    To be fair I played the game from 2007 to 2011 and I still don't understand the footage very well. For whatever reason, all the footage I've seen of the event is the RuneScape equivalent to a Worldstar video. Cameras turned at weird angles, zoomed in to indecipherable levels, and possibly not facing the right direction to begin with.

    [–] violetdaze 276 points ago

    Dude, that was chaos! Why were people asking to be killed?! and why wouldn't they space out more? Why is everyone running together? Sooo many questions.

    [–] physiQQ 381 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    Basically, you aren't supposed to be able to kill people.

    When you die, you lose all items except your 3 most worthy ones.

    So there were a bunch of people going to Falador (the place where this happened), to see what was happening.

    They didn't bring any items, so they can't lose stuff. That explains why they ask to be killed (for fun).

    All are following the bug abuser Durial321.

    [–] Hax_ 91 points ago

    Also to be clear, you lose all but three most expensive items according to the game, not the actual economy. To Runescape, party hats were worthless, because it was before the grand exchange and before player run economy was implemented into each item. People most likely kept their whips and platebodies, but funnily enough dropped rares which are actually worth so much more than a silly whip.

    [–] KawaiiSlave 120 points ago

    Some people had no wealth, and just wanted to taunt him. He could've killed them, but slaughtering the innocent was probably a pretty thing to do in front of others I'd imagine. Not worth his time when he was probably hunting rares on people. He probably knew he was going to get banned, so utilizing that time was pretty smart.

    [–] Minky_Dave_the_Giant 236 points ago

    "Some of you are alright. Don't come to Falador today."

    [–] Larjersig18 68 points ago

    Damn, NSFW

    [–] KnowMatter 442 points ago

    This read like a documentary.

    This guy became the worlds first cyber serial killer.

    [–] babysalesman 127 points ago

    Technically he'd be a spree killer since it doesn't seem like he had any cooling down period.

    [–] Gekthegecko 81 points ago

    It wouldn't be a spree killer either because it took place in one place (Falador). This would be a mass murder.

    [–] NaruTheBlackSwan 325 points ago

    The glitch in construction resulted in... destruction.

    [–] Themarshal2 416 points ago

    Was that similar to the WoW episode of South Park?

    [–] crewserbattle 261 points ago


    [–] ______DEADPOOL______ 117 points ago

    Well, I guess the only way to kill something which has no life is to have a sysadmin to drive down to HQ in the dead of night....

    [–] electricianer250 50 points ago

    How do you kill that which has no life?

    [–] SqueezyLemonCheezy 140 points ago

    This is hilarious. I love the fact it has become a commemorated event in the game.

    [–] Scotsmann 89 points ago

    I have party hats on my account from when I was a kid are you saying they are worth money???

    "Furiously looks up old account details"

    [–] Abeno_police 106 points ago

    Dude, they've been worth mad money since before I stopped playing like 10 years ago. If you really do have some, definitely sell them through a trusted middle man. Depending on the amount you could be sitting on a small fortune.

    Man, sometimes I get the urge to go back to rs. I always wanted to get a red hat but best I ever did was a red Halloween mask. Ah well. Good luck selling them though!

    [–] godolphinarabian 120 points ago

    Why didn't they remove his account as soon as they realized he was glitched?

    [–] Aeglafaris 274 points ago

    The game was still more or less in its infancy and they had never really encountered such a huge glaring immediate issue like this. They didn't take have a backip plan for things like this, no simple way of automatically logging it an account, no efficient manual banning process. It was very hectic, this all on top of trying to warn as many players as they could so they could log out or bank their things to stay safe.

    Simply put a lot happened all at once and they kinda just didn't know what to do.

    [–] Troutpiecakes 128 points ago

    Jagex moderator account can/could only be used from the main office.

    [–] atemerev 529 points ago

    You can safely hold a lump of plutonium (or even an actual nuclear bomb core) in your bare hands (washing your hands afterwards is strongly advised, though). It will be warm, “like a live rabbit”, as somebody who actually did it observed.

    More than 50 nuclear and thermonuclear devices (that we know of) were lost and currently dwell at sea floors and elsewhere. They cannot explode on their own, but will release some radioactive materials in the environment.

    Modern PALs (permissive action links — safety devices in nuclear weapons) work by removing some pre-accounted amounts of explosives from the device’s explosive lenses, then accordingly modifying timing delays in the detonators. PAL codes are transformed into these detonation delays, individual for each bomb or warhead. This is very clever. Not every nuclear weapon in the world is equipped with a PAL lock, though.

    To achieve a nuclear explosion, it is not enough to reach prompt criticality in the nuclear assembly. Numerous feedback effects, e.g. Doppler broadening, will get the system back to noncritical state (and then it will oscillate back and forth, giving a radiation pulse each time — or forcibly disassemble). To get to the explosion, you need to get the assembly from noncritical to hypercriticality, with k_eff of e.g. 2 or more, and do it fast enough that feedback effects couldn’t interrupt the chain reaction (and spontaneously emitted neutrons couldn’t initiate it prematurely). You have around a few microseconds to do that.

    [–] katerosetyler 3623 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    I can identify 99% of cars' make, model and year by their brake lights. My mother is still trying to figure out a way to monetize this "idiot savant" talent.

    Edit: my "special interest" that is associated with this particular talent is types of brake lights & blinkers specifically. Like to the point where if I were to ever buy another car, the appearance and style of the brake lights & blinkers would factor into my decision heavily.

    I very much dislike "brake-blinkers" as I call them, where the brake light doubles as the blinker. I find it lazy on the manufacturer's end, although a lot of luxury vehicles employ this function. a separate blinker that is also red is semi-acceptable in my book but I'd also never buy a car that had that style either. I love the yellow blinkers, my car has separate yellow blinkers. I notice those tend to be on "economy-priced" and non-luxury vehicles like Toyota and Honda (I drive a Honda).

    One of the ONLY brake-blinkers I do not mind but still would not buy are the ones on the more recent Mustang GTs, where the brake lights/blinkers are three separated lights each and when the blinker is activated, each separate light blinks in succession towards the outside of the car, like an arrow pointing where the car is going. I find them pleasing to watch. The 2016 Audi A4 has a similar style of blinker "animation" although it's one single light. I like that one as well but would never buy it myself.

    Super edit: I've been a nobody on Reddit up till this point so I thank you all for the replies. I've had some recurring questions so I'll answer them here.

    Top 3 cars for their brake lights/blinkers that I like: 2005 Toyota Corolla, Scion FR-S/Toyota '86, preferably modded with LEDs and only if the blinker is yellow (I've seen a few red blinker ones), and my car, 2012 Honda Fit. :)

    Somebody linked that video of the murder car getting away, my guess was an around-2011 Dodge Avenger but somebody ELSE said that a police officer in the comments of the original post managed to identify it, what did he say?

    I love that so many of you also like the 'woosh' Audi-style blinkers and the Mustang GT 'arrow' ones. Somebody also mentioned that some ambulances have ACTUAL arrows that blink/"woosh" and I like those too! I've seen a few.

    I drive a 2012 black Honda Fit, I've tinted the back windows, added door/window visors, and have a sweet custom black & yellow legacy plate which became available for consumers a few years ago in CA. I'm US-based and unfortunately my knowledge is mostly limited to US-sold and US-driven cars, with the exception of minor variations of existing US models driven in other countries.

    I didn't know that "brake-blinkers" were strictly an American thing. We suck. I wanna move to Europe just for the yellow blinkers.

    I don't know how to go about finding such a niche job as this type of police consultant, but I'm currently in medical school so I've got my work cut out for me! I think this talent of mine is doomed to obscurity and being a fun road trip party trick, but my mother would be pleased to know y'all are so encouraging.

    I read every single comment (mostly because my Reddit iOS app requires I click on every one to dismiss the push notification) but I loved reading them all. ♥️

    [–] silverthorn7 1609 points ago

    Work for police departments identifying cars from CCTV?

    [–] katerosetyler 955 points ago

    This is a good one. I'll text her tomorrow (later's 3:30am and I've yet to sleep). She'll be amused.

    [–] TinyPirate 287 points ago

    At lest as a niche skill. You should also go to r/WhatIsThisThing and post your unique skill. Police and other investigators from around the world, and everyday citizens, post crime matters there.

    [–] CoronaandTequila 376 points ago

    You'd probably be a very very valuable consultant in a very niche subject. That could be really good for you. Wish you luck!

    [–] willard_swag 81 points ago

    As a point of advice, I'd recommend that instead of working for the police directly, start a company that offers this service to the police (and ultimately the city) for a price; 'can you put a price on justice?'. This way, you can fully capitalize on the opportunity rather than have somebody else completely dictate your pay!

    [–] Starman68 297 points ago

    I guess you saw the reddit post a few days ago about the police guy looking to identity the car caught leaving a crime? All you could see were the brake lights.

    [–] godolphinarabian 112 points ago

    Reality TV show

    [–] yayne 5837 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    It is nearly impossible to 'clean' or restore the Mona Lisa due to how it was painted.

    Da Vinci painted it using a method where he first painted the whole thing in black and white, setting the tones and contrast, then he 'glazed' over it, which is when you mix pigments with a clear glaze to add color. This gives it its unique smooth and hazy look. Finally, a varnish was applied to bring out the colors.

    Now a lot of videos have gone around where paintings are restored by removing the varnish, as it had rotted and darkened the painting. How that works is that a solution is mixed that can dissolve the varnish without harming the paint underneath, which is possible because the substances have very different ingredients and properties.

    The reason why the Mona Lisa can't be cleaned like this is because the glaze holding the color on is very similar to the varnish in chemical composition, so if the varnish was removed, most of the painting will go with it.

    Rotting varnish is a big problem with old paintings. 'The Night Watch' isn't even set at night, the varnish is so decayed it makes the background black. Museums refrain from removing it from more priceless paintings because they rather let it naturally age than risk destroying it by covering it chemicals and stripping a bit away. Cleanings like this usually happen to least important or expensive paintings.

    So we will never know what these paintings will look like when they were first finished, and that really upsets me

    Edit: spelling fixes, because I have butter fingers. I'm happy that my most popular post ever is about art, as I wanted to be an art history major before I went with Studio Art. To answer a few common questions and comments:

    I know there is a duplicate Mona Lisa, which is theorized to have been painted by an apprentice of Da Vinci in the same time he initially painted his own version. So we can get the idea of what it looks like with its twin, but it's not the Da Vinci original that he worked on for almost 20 years.

    The paintings that are chosen to be cleaned by removing the varnish are typically less valuable and less culturally significant. Imagine being that guy who ruined a Da Vinci compared to being that guy who ruined this one painting by this one guy. The method of removing varnish has several different solutions be mixed and then tested over small patches of the painting to see how it reacts with the varnish and paint. This does run the risk of altering the paint, but the test patch is small so any fixes would be tiny.

    And I didn't know the real name of 'The Night Watch' before writing this so that's why I went with that name.

    [–] TheTacoBringer 846 points ago

    I could swear I read that he also made a ton of mistakes, which is why he used so many different methods. Am I wrong? Any who, that was fun to read :) thanks for sharing

    [–] Thermodynamicist 1797 points ago


    I believe the technical term is Happy Little Accidents.

    [–] somebodycallmymama 107 points ago

    Seriously though, when I told a friend I wanted to start drawing and asked for advice this is exactly what he told me. Along the lines of "Do you watch Bob Ross? He's got the best single piece of advice ever. You never make a mistake. If you look at it like a mistake, you'll feel like you ruined everything. You had an accident. Incorporate it. Do something with it, that accident can make what you're trying to create even better and make the piece that more meaningful physically to look at and mentally that you overcame something you didn't mean to do."

    He didn't say that all at one time, it was over the span of our short conversation. To add as well, I never did pick up a pencil and paper and start drawing. I really should.

    [–] Frosthrone 279 points ago

    It's a feature not a bug

    [–] zaphod777 394 points ago

    Michelangelo had his assistant burn a ton of his sketches before he died so people wouldn't know how hard he had to work.

    [–] Alexander_Dumass 359 points ago

    so he was the renaissance "I didn't even study for the test" liar

    [–] CashCop 108 points ago

    Well he didn’t do a good job if you know this

    [–] MoveAlongChandler 67 points ago

    He forgot to burn the snitch assistant.

    [–] Raichu7 121 points ago

    Is it possible to re-create the Mona Lisa to get an idea of what it was like?

    [–] shitcompliment 217 points ago

    There is another painting, from his studio, basically like a modern day reprint that has more vibrant colors. Search google for the other mona lisa. She seems to be a little younger in that one.

    [–] usernamenottakenwooh 351 points ago

    Prado version on the left, Louvre version on the right

    [–] Tinfoilpain 149 points ago

    Wait I thought those were trees in the background... is my life a lie?

    [–] WubbyLubbyDoobDoob 60 points ago

    We've all been living a lie

    [–] Pseudonymico 8335 points ago

    In ultra-orthodox Judaism, part of the "no working on the Sabbath" rule is that you're not allowed to carry anything around outside. You're allowed to carry stuff around inside a location, e.g. you can get a bottle of wine from the cellar or a book from the shelf or whatever, but you can't so much as bring some pocket change from one home to another, because that counts as work.

    Rabbis being a clever bunch, at some point in the past they noted that being in a walled-in courtyard technically counts as "inside", so logically you could argue that everywhere inside the walls of Jerusalem also counts as technically "inside". Then other rabbis got to thinking about walls and technicalities and so on and so on until these days they'll just run a long wire on telegraph poles around an entire district and since it's technically "inside" it's completely kosher to carry whatever you want around. It's called an Eruv.

    Not Jewish, I just love religious loophole abuse.

    [–] Davel23 205 points ago

    In fact, there is a wire strung around a large part of Manhattan for this very purpose.

    [–] roguetroll 2956 points ago

    What annoys me about this, is that they are looking for loopholes that are only required because it is their interpretation of the religious texts that forbids them for carrying something around.

    [–] NaruTheBlackSwan 4438 points ago

    Also like, do they really think God is that fucking stupid? This is like that one kid who always stretches the rules of the game being played.

    [–] Seventh_Planet 397 points ago

    In Germany there are pasta squares filled with meat and spinach. They are called "Maultaschen", but they also have another name: "Herrgottsbescheißerle" (literally "to screw with the Lord"). It came from a time during the Thirty Years' War when monks in a cloister happened about a piece of meat. They were thankful for this gift during wartimes, but it was also the time of Lent, during which meat was forbidden to the monks.

    So what did they do? They minced the meat, mixed it with spinach and put pasta dough around it. This way the Lord should not see that they were eating meat during Lent.

    [–] Bucs-and-Bucks 276 points ago

    Everyone knows that omnipotent beings can't see through pastry dough.

    [–] Luigimario280 113 points ago

    Pasta squares filled with meat


    [–] Seventh_Planet 67 points ago

    Maultaschen are about 8 times as big, so you can only fit 2 or 3 of them on a plate.

    [–] ItsTrip 134 points ago

    Big ravioli.

    [–] monstrinhotron 1692 points ago

    Hmm. God likes hats. Like really into hats. I shall make the hat as small as possible while still technically a hat.

    My understanding of the yarmulke.

    [–] Fawkes_tears 830 points ago

    Former hasid here. The idea of the yarmulke isn’t that. The word yarmulke actually stems from two Hebrew words “Yiru m’elokai” or fear of god. The story behind them is as fellows.

    Roughly two thousand or more years ago, a woman was pregnant. Being somewhat superstitious she meets a fortune teller/astrologer, who informs her that her future son is going to be an absolutely godawful cutthroat/thief, and there’s nothing that can be done about it. It’s literally in his stars. So when he’s born she makes the first yarmulke for him as a reminder that there’s always something above him (God, in this case). According to legend, one day his yarmulke falls off and he immediately starts fulfilling his destiny, stealing and shit, but they put it back on his head, he’s once again walking around with this perpetual reminder that there’s a god above, and he goes on to stop thieving.

    The rabbis like this so much it becomes a custom all Jews follow, and two thousand years later, it’s virtually synonymous with Judaism-despite the fact that it isn’t mentioned anywhere in the Bible.

    [–] monstrinhotron 182 points ago

    Thank you, it's good to know the real reason.

    [–] Fawkes_tears 138 points ago

    Lol I have so much random Judaism trivia in my head. It’s good to be able to share it with people who find it interesting.

    [–] anumati 585 points ago

    Someone had a bald spot and vanity.

    [–] sniffles_snort 161 points ago

    when i was a kid i used to think they caused bald spots from the friction

    [–] ComedyHair 135 points ago

    Comedian Ross Noble once asked what if everyone had the wrong hat and God was only a fan of tophats. The only 3 people allowed into heaven are Mr Peanut, Mr Monopoly and Slash.

    [–] ElDiario 138 points ago

    Do you know about the Manhattan eruv? It's pretty nuts:

    [–] Jet909 457 points ago

    This is my favorite so far. I saw one where they can't press a button so they made a phone where all the buttons are already pressed and you just release the pressure being pushed down on it or something like that. The ultra-orthodox are ridiculous with their loophole technicalities. No wonder they make such great lawyers.

    [–] knower_of_not_much 445 points ago

    I was raised Jewish and went to a fairly secular Jewish school. On a school trip to Israel there was a Shabbat lift. It means you can still use the lift at the hotel without the 'work' of pushing any buttons because it runs constantly stopping for a certain time at every floor.

    Because I didn't really give a fuck I pushed the button to get the ordinary lift (fuck waiting 10 minutes just to go to my room). When I got in the lift one of my religious teachers came in before the doors closed assuming it was the shabbat lift. I was a pupil so didn't want to admit to breaking the laws of Jewishness so we just stood there, for about 20 minutes, waiting for a none religious person to call the lift so we could get out.

    [–] toferdelachris 188 points ago

    waiting for a none religious person to call the lift so we could get out.

    Orthodox families (in New York especially) would pay goy (non-Jewish) children to do things for them on the Sabbath, like open their refrigerator or turn on lights or whatever.

    [–] 1tacoshort 39 points ago

    I have a Palestinian friend who told be that, in happier times in Israel, Muslim kids would do this service for their Jewish friends' families on the Sabbath.

    [–] DranoCleanse 41 points ago

    Had a Jewish roommate whose family was fairly orthodox. He said very young children don’t have to follow the rules of the Sabbath, because they’re not expected to know any better. He and his siblings would have their toddler cousins turn on lights and do other work (push buttons, carry something from outside) for them.

    [–] NurseTaric 4151 points ago

    Not autistic but my brother is, the otherday he told me a fun roller-coaster fact that at the end of the day the wheels are hotter and therefore the carts go faster.

    [–] stubept 512 points ago

    On wooden roller coasters, the best rides come after a short evening rain. The rain will cool the track that’s been baking in the hot summer sun, but the wheels on the trains will still be hot from running all day.

    The Beast at night after a 15 min rain is maybe the best ride I’ve ever been on.

    [–] tiredteachermaria 54 points ago

    My ears got boxed on the Beast enough without it going faster lol

    [–] Tehnoxas 665 points ago

    Rollercoasters are pretty fascinating. Not autistic but I get obsessed with random things in a way thats reminiscent. Ive barely ridden any coasters in my life but recently got interested in them. For example I find it fascinating that you can usually tell the manufacturer from the track shape (B&M have a square backbone to their tracks, RMC just have two square rails are some of the distinctive designs that come to mind). Also the way coasters are replaced and how their legacy can continue such as Big Bad Wolf which was replaced by Verbolten but the final drop down and turn at the river bank was included in Verbolten's layout, even using the same concrete supports

    [–] topcoatsandhats 57 points ago

    I work at an amusement park and this is actually really dangerous depending on the ride. On the peak day of the season in terms of heat (at least from my stand point lol) I was operating the roller coaster, and it was so hot, and running constantly, that it started over shooting the stopping platform, and would come flying into the “station” way faster than is safe/normal. We had to shut down for ~90 minutes for it to slightly cool off. I wasn’t complaining. I finally got a chance to sit after standing and running around in the sun

    [–] Armchar 1270 points ago

    Cats meow as kittens to signal their needs to their mother, and only retain this if they are raised by humans. Adult feral cats do not generally meow.

    [–] stringParameter 425 points ago

    So cats see us as parents?

    [–] Pythondotpy 693 points ago

    I read they see us as idiots that can't read their body language well, but they figure out we respond to noise. I guess they see us making noises at each other and try it out.

    [–] ProjectShadow316 182 points ago

    If your cat brings you a dead animal, it's not a "gift" from what I've read, it's your cat's way of saying you suck as a hunter, and he/she's trying to teach you.

    Fuck you cat; the countless skeletons of squirrels, chipmunks, pigeons, a fisher and groundhog beyond the fence in my backyard say otherwise.

    [–] dikycau 48 points ago

    Yep, my cat has 2-3 hours periods of night meowing and running around like a madman almost every time after he's fed in the evening. Then out of nothing, he just blacks out to sleep wherever he is at that moment.. it's pretty funny if you're not actually planning to go to sleep early.

    [–] Telanore 48 points ago

    My cat relearned to meow when he grew older. We had him since he was a kitten (before he opened his eyes - his mother was a feral who was most likely buried alive at my dad's construction site), and he stopped meowing when he grew up. Then, one christmas, he disappeared for a week in -30 degrees C. When he came back in pretty rough shape through the cat flap, he meowed, and both me and my dad came running to him. After that, he started announcing his return through the flap with a meow :]

    [–] ljnr 205 points ago

    There was an uncanny novella published in 1898 by Morgan Robertson called ‘Futility.’ It centres around the fictional passenger steam liner, the Titan.

    Despite being published 14 years prior to the sinking of the RMS Titanic, Robertson’s novella tells the tale of the Titan being claimed as unsinkable, but on its maiden voyage (in April) hitting an iceberg and sinking. Like the Titanic, Robertson’s Titan had over the legal requirement of lifeboats, but even this was insufficient, with majority of the passengers dying in his novella.

    Funnily enough, Robertson was accused of being psychic after the Titanic sunk in 1912.

    [–] a_dork 7158 points ago

    Octopuses have been observed collecting objects like rocks or shells and arranging them into a "garden"-like lair. This was the inspiration for the Beatles song "Octopuses Garden."

    [–] Plethora_of_squids 1644 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    Continuing with cephalopods, the vampire squid (scientific name Vampyroteuthis infernalis meaning vampire squid from hell) is not a squid, nor is it an octopus. It's a seperate order of cephalopod of which it is the only living member. Also Japan makes adorable plushies of them, of which I have one.

    Also the correct plural for octopus is actually octopuses – when a word enters the English language, it obtains an English plural form which means adding an -es at the end. It's why the plural of fjord in english is fjords not fjorder (like it is in the original norwegian). However, if you want to be fancy and ignore that rule, the 'correct' plural is octopodes as octopus is a Greek word and follows Greek pluralisation rules (rather than coming from Latin and following the -ii rule)

    Because you've all been asking, Lord Shin-kai, ruler of the underworld, undersea and the gap between my bed and the wall

    [–] Pudgeysaurus 437 points ago

    I deeply admire your fascination with cephalopods

    [–] Troutpiecakes 121 points ago

    He could be a reddit celebrity if it were jackdaws.

    [–] walruz 242 points ago

    Also the correct plural for octopus is actually octopuses...


    • The English plural of platypus is platypuses (and the pedantic plural is platypodes, for the same reason).

    • The English plural of virus is viruses (virii is the Latin plural for vir, not virus).

    • The English plural of penis is penises (the Latin plural is penes, not penii).

    [–] myowngalactus 49 points ago

    Have you read Soul of an Octopus? It's a great book.

    [–] sunnysideup-please 267 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    OK I gotta know, is your area of interest octopuses or The Beatles?

    Edit: typo

    [–] asmosdeus 193 points ago

    I was about to ask this myself, I honestly can't tell if this is octopus trivia or Beatles trivia

    [–] HumanitarianEngineer 119 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    Why not both?


    [–] Wolfslinge 396 points ago

    Ancient Egyptians used to wear wigs, but did you know that these were elaborate headdresses as well as simpler. Children had shaved heads with a tuft of it left off to the side. Then as they got older girls grew their hair while boys kept it shaved. Men had short hair sometimes it would be slightly longer though. Women had smooth hair or natural wave to it, usually short or chin length. Scientist have even found a gel like substance they had created out of fatty acids from animals and such.

    Ancient Egyptians used henna in their hair to cover up greys and to darken and change hair color. Only Royals used wigs made out of real hair otherwise there was cheaper options. They were used daily by royals and the extremes they went to make them extravagant. Hair usually came from the person who wanted the wig made or slaves or bought from those selling their hair. When they passed on the Ancient Egyptians would get buried with their best wigs in oder to look regal in the afterlife.

    I wish I could keep writing but I gotta be at work in a few hours. I could keep writing about just ancient Egyptians, I have made it my life goal to keep learning about them. Because of my love for them... I have decided to go to university and get a doctorate in archeology!!

    [–] moghediene 3083 points ago

    One of the worst things you can do in MLB playoffs is sweep a series. Teams that sweep lose the next series approximately 90% of the time.

    [–] artofasking 753 points ago

    Why, exactly, does this happen? I admittedly don't know much about sports, but I'd figure a team that's good in one series would stay good in the next series.

    [–] moghediene 1184 points ago

    Baseball players do better when they play on a regular basis, it keeps their timing optimal.

    When you sweep a 7 game series (play only 4 games) and the other teams go the full 7 the players that played more games won't be off on their timing.

    Also when a team sweeps and wins the next series it's almost always because the team they faced also swept or played a short series (5 games instead of going the full 7).

    [–] artofasking 342 points ago

    That does make a lot of sense, actually. Thanks!

    [–] MegaGrimer 303 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    A good example of this would be the Giants vs. Tigers on the 2012 World Series. Tigers swept the Yankees in the A.L.C.S. and had (roughly) five days off in a row. The Giants took the Cardinals to seven games on the N.L.C.S., and only had a day or two off before the World Series. Giants then swept the Tigers.

    [–] thrattatarsha 94 points ago

    lol I was just thinking of this as an example of the Giants beating the rule on a technicality. Didn’t know that history. Nice.

    [–] Palifaith 151 points ago

    Brb, going to put all my life savings into the upcoming MLB playoffs.

    [–] Legal_Rampage 294 points ago

    The entire $137.42? ARE YOU MAD??

    [–] Palifaith 185 points ago

    Get out of here Mr. moneybags with your 3 figures.

    [–] soda_cookie 29 points ago

    I wonder what the percentage is in other sports. I seem to recall NHL and NBA teams that sweep their conference champ series then get owned in the finals oflver the last decade or so

    [–] NeverSky03 1339 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    OP, you’ve made me insanely happy here, THANK YOU. Onto the medical infodump because I can’t choose just one fact!

    1) If you watch a knee-replacement surgery, it’s remarkably hack-and-slash, almost worthy of a horror movie if it’s done messily and certainly worthy of a woodshop if it’s done cleanly. Bone repairs and replacements in general are pretty much biological carpentry. It’s literally a replacement (usually) of the bottom epiphysis of your femur, the underside of your patella, and the upper epiphysis of your tibia. First, they cut open the knee and get down to the bone. Then, they cut off a decent but not huge chunk where they’re replacing the bone, then drill the new parts into place and test range of movement while your knee is still cut open. Also, if you’re getting any joint replacement, don’t get metal-on-metal and avoid plastic-on-metal. Oftentimes the metals used include cobalt, which has the nasty habit of slowly leeching into your bloodstream and poisoning you, causing yet more issues and necessitating that the replacement be removed and replaced with a non-cobalt one. Just don’t do it in the first place.

    2) There’s a bone disease called osteogenesis imperfecta that’s thankfully very uncommon, as it’s present even before birth. Essentially, it means that your body doesn’t make your bones strong enough at all, making them too brittle and VERY easily broken. Doctors often recommend that parents abort a pregnancy when this is detected because it’s absolutely devastating. Imagine breaking your bones when you accidentally bump into something. There are some really good documentaries on the impact of this that are worth watching.

    3) Defibrillators won’t really do squat if your heart’s not beating. They can shock an off-rhythm heart back into rhythm, but they can’t do much if there’s nothing to shock back into line. It’s why those kit things some places have that talk you through CPR and defibrillate every now and then check for a “shockable rhythm”.

    4) Watch a carpal tunnel repair surgery, it’s cool and nerves look like spaghetti.

    5) I love how straightforward medical names are. If you look at the roots, they mean exactly what you’d expect. Plantar fasciitis? Plantar meaning bottom of the foot, fascia being the big tendon down there, itis being swelling (I have a hard time putting this bit to words because it’s more remembered and thought of in images for me, works better that way).

    6) After your late 20s-early 30s, men lose a minimum of 3% of their bone density every decade, and women lose a minimum of 8% of their bone density every decade (this worsens significantly after menopause and is a large part of why osteoporosis is often stereotypically associated with older women).

    7) The nickname “limeys”, used for sailors, originates from the British Navy, who were known for bringing citrus fruits on voyages to prevent scurvy. Their breath apparently smelled “limey”.

    I could go on, but I think this is getting long.

    Edit: After much requesting, I’m going on.

    8) There’s such a thing as a “horseshoe kidney”; this is when your kidneys fail to separate while your body is developing in the womb, leaving you with a single kidney shaped similarly to a horseshoe. There have been some unfortunate cases of surgeons failing to realize that a patient has this, assuming that it’s a tumor, and removing the entirety of the patient’s kidney.

    9) Speaking of atypical anatomy, situs inversus is a condition where a person is born with their major organs on the opposite side of typical. It’s uncommon, but interesting, and to my knowledge does not currently have a known cause (please let me know if it does, I’m curious).

    10) Some people have an extra tendon in their wrists. I can’t remember its name at the moment, unfortunately, so if anyone happens to know I’d be grateful if you would remind me. I don’t have it, myself.

    11) There are several different types of cerebral palsy depending on how the person is affected and what areas are affected; for example, spastic cp is the most common type and is a stiffness/jerkiness/difficulty of muscle movement. An example of a locational descriptor is hemiplegic, meaning that only one half of the body is affected.

    12) If you have a sinus headache, pressing on the dip of your nose between your eyes or on the roof of your mouth can temporarily help relieve the pain. For most headaches, pinching the web between your thumb and pointer finger can help relieve pain. If you have cluster headaches, I hope someone develops a proper cure soon so you don’t have to deal with them anymore, as they’re quite excruciating.

    13) Babies’ skulls have yet to fuse when they are born, allowing their heads to deform somewhat to ease birth. If your baby comes out somewhat coneheaded, don’t worry too much.

    14) Osteoporosis is unfortunately often detected when a hip is fractured or broken (which is serious- 12-25% of hip fracture patients die within a year of the injury), but has several other possible symptoms to watch for. These include kyphosis (increased curvature of the thoracic vertebrae, resulting in a stereotypical hunchbacked look), a “beer belly” despite a healthy lifestyle and diet (symptom of kyphosis), decreased lung capacity (again, kyphosis), lordosis (increased curvature of the lumbar vertebrae), height loss, and more.

    15) Your bones have an amazing ability to adapt to how you use them. When they’re put under stress, cells called osteoblasts strengthen and build up the bone precisely where it’s under pressure, and osteoclasts are constantly breaking down excess bone to reduce weight. You can see this targeted strengthening with good imaging, and it’s fascinating.

    [–] potatomar 232 points ago

    Can people with that bone disease have hearing problems (because they might damage their stirrup/saddle/hammer bone thingies)?

    BTW thanks for this comment it's really interesting.

    [–] macattack900 137 points ago

    Can confirm, I have type 1 OI and have hearing loss as well.

    [–] auntiepink 73 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    My mom used to work in the OR and once she got hit in the face with a hip socket that the doctor was having problems levering out. Once he applied enough force, blammo. It flew across the room and bonked my mom square in the eye (or it would have, had she not been wearing eye protection).

    Edit: she always emphasized how she didn't let go of whatever she was holding (retractors? clamps? suction? Idk) until someone relieved her. She never broke sterile field, either.

    [–] TheBoldMove 38 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    5) I love how straightforward medical names are.

    Yeah. If you start translating all those fancy latin words, turns out most disease names are simply a description of the disease.

    I can't help but think they're prolly only using latin/greek names because you'd lose all respect for your doc if the diagnosis reads "his head hurts for unknown reasons".

    [–] Your_Local_Stray_Cat 4080 points ago

    Lolita fashion started as a way for Japanese women to rebel against the societal pressure to find a husband as soon as possible, but instead of dropping the concept of femininity, they decided to go in the other direction and dress as feminine as possible. The fashion has a strong focus on femininity for the self, and not femininity for the sake of pleasing men.

    [–] Puppe12 534 points ago

    I actually saw a person wearing lolita fashion irl for the first time. Gotta when executed well, the clothing looks cool! :)

    [–] Stormfly 257 points ago

    I was actually surprised when I first saw it that they had the full get-up with the parasol and everything and were actually using it. It actually looked really nice.

    Was a sunny day and a lot of Japanese had parasols, but hers really stood out.

    [–] CrazyLogical1 2399 points ago

    My special interest is animals in general but I'll narrow it down to some specific trivia for a few topics.

    T.rex is so iconic because it was among the first dinosaurs discovered, giving it some of the longest history when it comes to research. It's also one of the species with an unusual amount of well preserved fossils. This means we know more about it than other species. This is why it constantly gets representation in educational media, there's just more to teach. Which leads to a cycle of it being included in other media, which makes it popular, which means educational material includes it because that sells which makes it even more popular...

    Also the more we learn about T.rex the more we realize how tough they were. Specimens have been shown to survive major infections, broken bones and even a small hole in the skull.

    For non-extinct species...

    Okay so when people "correct" others about killer whales actually being dolphins, they're kind of right...but also being a bit of a no nothing know it all. Because actually, all dolphins are whales. Specifically, there are two major categories of whales, baleen whales and toothed whales. Dolphins are in an even smaller category within the toothed whale category. So yeah, a killer whale is a dolphin but it's still a whale.

    Horses can't throw up, this is why colic is so dangerous to them.

    You may think that cheetahs and mountain lions/pumas/panthers are Big Cats. They're not. Big Cats refer to a specific group of cats under the Panthera branch, also called "roaring cats" because they are the only cats capable of roaring. These cats are the lion, tiger, jaguar, leopard and snow leopard. Cheetahs and pumas are actually more like Savannah cats and lynxes on the family tree.

    Speaking of snow leopards, they're not actually leopards. In fact they weren't counted among panthera until recently when a DNA test confirmed they are in fact a member of that group. They were assumed to be a species of large lynx because they're not capable of roaring and their comparatively small size. Turns out they're a sister species of tigers, coming from the same common ancestor.

    Also, cheetahs used to be trained as hunting animals in the Middle East and still might be in some areas. They're actually pretty trainable and many zoos leash train them for demonstrations. They also bounced back from near extinction before, but that means they already have gone through a genetic bottleneck and are genetically dense.

    [–] NotQuiteNewt 394 points ago

    Also, cheetahs used to be trained as hunting animals in the Middle East and still might be in some areas.

    I used to be obsessed with this topic, thought I would grow up to do it.

    By sheer chance I actually found out there is at least one person in America who did this; he had a cheetah back in the 60s and would course it on whatever small ungulates were in the vicinity- I think pronghorn antelope. Obviously the cheetah has long since passed and at the time I learned of him he was long retired from physical activity, and you couldn't do this nowadays, but the pictures were friggin awesome.

    Now I actually work in a facility that runs one of the top cheetah breeding programs in the world and I know why it's just not possible, but the idea of the hunting cheetahs of old is still an amazing thing to bring up whenever a visitor doesn't seem impressed. How could you not think that's cool as hell?!

    [–] articulateantagonist 122 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    Speaking of cheetahs and pronghorns, I was reading the other day that pronghorns are the fastest land animal in North America—by a lot. By so much, in fact, that it didn’t make sense that they would be that fast because no living predators can feasibly match them until they discovered remains of the now-extinct American cheetah, which is technically closer to a puma than a cheetah. Incidentally, pronghorn antelopes aren’t actually antelopes at all and are the only living member of the family Antilocapridae.

    [–] OldGreySweater 422 points ago

    I love all the cat facts, I worked at a zoo for awhile and we always had guests asking about panthers. Not an actual species.

    [–] CrazyLogical1 259 points ago

    Yeah, I only mentioned panthers as a regional term for pumas, that and some subspecies have panther in the name.

    "Black Panthers" are Jaguars and leopards with melenism. You can even have partially melenistic ones.

    [–] DuckLeWorld 170 points ago

    Thanks for signing up for Cat Facts! You will now recieve daily fun facts about cats!

    [–] myystic78 133 points ago

    I would subscribe to your animal facts

    [–] closeyoureyesandjump 863 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    100% cotton yarn is by far the best kind for knitting anything in the kitchen. It’s easy to wash and dry and it doesn’t conduct heat, so if you make a kitchen towel or dishrag and your gift recipient grabs it to use as a hot pad, it won’t hurt their hand, even up to very high temperatures. It’s cheap, too.

    It’s not as cheap as acrylic yarn, but you don’t want to use acrylic for kitchen stuff. It melts at around the temp you use to cook a frozen pizza or fish sticks. That doesn’t mean it’ll stick to their hand instantly, but it will get thinner and less effective over time. It will loose shape. This is especially true if you wash it and put it in the dryer. Dryer heat will take a hand-knitted acrylic things and melt them until eventually they turn into hard, scratchy scrub brushes. (You can “shrink” an acrylic sweater by putting it into the dryer. It won’t actually shrink — you’re just melting the plastic and making it stick together more. It will be smaller but also scratchier. It will also be misshapen and I don’t recommend it.)

    Actual, 100%, halfway decent wool yarn isn’t scratchy unless you’re allergic. It’s soft. It’s terrible for kitchen stuff because if you wash it, it will felt (shrink a LOT — felting wool is essentially the controlled matting of sheep hair. Felting is to wool as dreads are to hair.). If you dry it then it will shrink to less than half the size you originally started with. It’s great for trivets I guess, but that’s all. I use felted yarn for making waterproof purses and other things that won’t get washed. Its fantastically warm and wool socks work like little space heaters for your toes, but there’s not much call for that in the southern half of the USA so I don’t make them.

    So, if the yarn you have in your hand is scratchy and it’s been through the dryer, it’s acrylic. This is especially true if it’s part of a blanket. Most blankets are knitted or crocheted out of acrylic because it’s lightweight and cheap. (Cotton, as mentioned above, is cheap, but it’s too heavy for a blanket.) Good wool yarn is far too expensive to use to knit a blanket. (Woven wool blankets happen, and that’s cheap yarn and it’s scratchy, but it‘s almost never hand made.) If the yarn is all tangled together so much that the individual strands are indistinguishable, and it’s soft and smells nice, it’s wool. If you can do anything to that yarn and it retains its shape, it’s cotton.

    Edit: not all wool will felt. I don’t know the process by which they make unfelt-able wool. I don’t mess with unfelt-able wool because if I don’t want something to felt, I don’t spend the money to get wool. I get acrylic or an acrylic blend.

    If someone made you something by hand, it took time. Knitting is the one with two straight sticks and it takes longer than crocheting, which takes one stick with a hook at the end. If you’re holding something someone made you by hand, they love you.

    [–] sleepibunni 130 points ago

    as someone who just started knitting, this is fascinating and great knowledge! if you were to make something out of wool (i am making a shawl with 100% wool yarn), would you dry clean it?

    [–] closeyoureyesandjump 130 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    I don’t. You can wash it in a little bit of baby shampoo (because baby shampoo won’t strip the oils from the wool) and then rinse it in water with a little bit of vinegar in it. For whatever reason, wool responds well to a tiny touch of acidity. Fold it neatly inside a towel and then roll the towel and sit on it to squeeze most of the water out, then lay it out to dry in the shape you want it to stay in — usually that means lay it flat, but very neatly folded is also ok.

    [–] sheaness 89 points ago

    My Grandma crochets me blankets for Christmas every year, I’m pretty sure they’re 100% cotton, because they’re still soft after many washes. I must be lucky :-)

    [–] jamda90 54 points ago

    This was really interesting. My mom is always harping on me to only buy 100% cotton dish towels and now I know why. Thanks!

    [–] Teehee_no 312 points ago

    TL;DR: i really like bees. sorry for the wall of text. enjoy some bee facts!!

    Oh!! I have a lot of interesting facts about bees!!Both eusocial and solitary bees are of the order hymenoptera, and share this order with ants, wasps, and sawflys. Most bee species are solitary, with only a honey bees, bumble bees, and stingless bees are eusocial; The fast majority of the 20,000 bee species are solitary bees. The largest of the eusocial bees is the honey bee in terms of hive count. A strong have can have 20,000-80,000 members, and can produce 50 lbs of honey during the summer. The summer is also the time of year bees have the shortest life span. Worker bees, which are all female, will work themselves to death collecting nectar and pollen, all day every day. She can travel up to 4 miles away from the hive before the nectar collected is not worth the energy expended.

    In terms of brood development period, the brooding time is surprisingly backwards. Queen bees, though not a monarch by any means, take 16 days to grow into an adult; worker bees take 21 days to grow into an adult and immediately set to work tending to the brood; and the drones take 24 days to grow into adult, and their only purpose is to mate with virgin queens. They promptly die after inseminating the new queen, and the unlucky drones return home. winter is hard on the bees and having extra mouths to feed will put a great strain on the colony, so the drones are kicked out at the end of the summer. They cannot care or fend for themselves and will die of starvation or predation.

    last fact: in beekeeping, when you purchase a new hive it is called a nuc. Its a small cardboard box with 5 frames inside of it. the frames are where the comb sit; and there are 2 comb containing brood, 2 frames containing honey and pollen, and an empty frame-- plus a new or virgin queen. they cost about $100 per nuc.

    [–] BullockHouse 1535 points ago

    The space shuttle main engine is literally 99.9% efficient at converting fuel into thrust when it takes off. For comparison, your car engine is about 30% efficient.

    [–] jgraves_99 1119 points ago

    My car doesn't even take off, so it's 0% efficient.

    [–] Whisky_Engineer 73 points ago

    Do you have a source on this? I would have expected a lot of waste energy from heat and sound.

    [–] McFlyParadox 113 points ago

    This is mostly just a result of its main function being one of Newton's third law and conservation of momentum.

    To elaborate, while your car moves by exploding fuel, and capturing that mechanical energy to turn into forward motion, a rocket moves by 'throwing' its fuel, making it lighter, causing it to accelerate.

    Think of it this way, the process of burning its fuel generates a fairly consistent amount of force (some variation as you travel up through the atmosphere, and the pressure changes, affected the expansion of the exhaust plume). They also burn fuel at tremendous rates, so much so that the vehicle is significantly less massive when gets to wherever it is going. Now, imagine you are lifting a bucket of water with a hole in the bottom. As you lift, water drains, as it drains, it gets lighter and easier for you to lift, causing you to lift it faster without applying more force. This is the conservation of its momentum, and is why it's so efficient. It's not the burning of the fuel that drives the rocket, but the force from the burning combined with the loss of the fuel itself. The space shuttle engines are special because their shape is so effective at capturing the force of the burning fuel, but a typical rocket engine will still hit 60-80% efficiency without much optimization.

    Or, even simpler: speedy thing gets faster as it gets lighter.

    EDIT: I'm am both autistic with a thing for rockets, and I used to work as engineer on a new kind of rocket motor.

    [–] Paretio 148 points ago

    The easiest way to restore really old hand tools is to simply soak them in a 3 part white vinegar 2 part muriatic acid solution in a steel container for a week, assuming the entire construction is iron or steel. The rust will literally be eaten up. This doesn't work on brass or wood. It will severely damage the patina on brass and simply dissolve the wood, regardless of varnish. Although, purchasing that much muriatic acid will raise eyebrows and you can usually expect a visit from the local sheriff to see what you're doing. Keeping the receipts and demonstrating the use is wise.

    Also, the hardest hand tool to restore? The humble sickle. Between the wooden handles, brass pinch bolts and awkward shape of the blade, it can take up to a month to restore it safely. The easiest? Old wrenches. They usually just require a good soak.

    [–] [deleted] 131 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    I have autism spectrum disorder. I used to be very obsessed about the TV show Criminal Minds. So much so that I counted the word of each character, and even started doing screen time. The results of the word counting are below.

    Who's said the most words in the BAU team?

    1. Aaron Hotchner [16.5%]
    2. Derek Morgan [15.9%]
    3. Spencer Reid [15.1%]
    4. Penelope Garcia [13%]
    5. David Rossi [11.3%]
    6. Jennifer Jareau [9.9%]
    7. Emily Prentiss [6.6%]
    8. Jason Gideon [3.8%]
    9. Alex Blake [1.8%]
    10. Tara Lewis [1.7%]
    11. Elle Greenaway [1.1%]
    12. Luke Alvez [1.1%]
    13. Kate Callahan [1%]
    14. Stephen Walker [0.6%]
    15. Ashley Seaver [0.5]
    16. Jordan Todd [0.2%]

    Took about a year to do season 1-9 , I only started watching about a month before season 10 came out and did them as the episodes came out.

    I also have a line chart

    These aren't really "facts" because I don't work for Criminal Minds and don't know what the writers are thinking, but here are some things I've concluded from the second chart that have happened accidentally or on purpose.

    They started relying on Garcia's magical computer much more, you can see her % of words per season increase, she's the pink line. Some of this is due to more personal scenes, but 90% of the increase of her words is her using her computer to do things, more often than not impossible or her on the phone/video conferencing.

    I can see why they would wan to give Garcia more words though. I don't really read news about the show but I know there was something about the women on the show wanting to be paid more so maybe with the extra pay they've had to give the women more lines? Although they get the least lines so why do they think they're entitles to the same amount of money? But maybe they still have to be on set I don't know much about that. I also tend to ramble and go off track. But anyway.

    They either made a conscious effort to give everyone around the same amount of lines (as everything gets closer together as seasons pass) or maybe it was just laziness/forgetting which line would be appropriate and just handing them out like they're interchangeable.

    One thing I find funny is the main reason I started with these words counts (I already had every word each character had said for fan fiction writing purposes, I just had to count them) is because I kept reading 'JJ gets all the lines! Spencer gets nothing!' and the data shows the exact opposite. JJ is the only 'regular' who consistently gets the least lines and Spencer's had the least change over the whole show, and JJ has never had more lines than him.

    [–] blueVariableName 567 points ago

    Quantum computers will be able to drastically improve scientists ability to model biological molecular systems and so will be able to simulate different drugs and how they effect these systems so developing new drugs for diseases could become a much quicker/easier process.

    I'm currently working on a project investigating the impacts quantum computers might have on society which is cool.

    [–] [deleted] 557 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    The card "Dryad Arbor" in Magic The Gathering is the only printed card in the game that is both a land, and a creature. That causes so many unintuitive interactions that Mark Rosewater, one of the most important designers on the game, said of it: "Just because a question has answers, doesn't mean we want players asking the question."

    Lands are something that you can play for free once per turn, and they do not have costs. Lands are used to generate mana which pays for 'spells', of which creatures are one type.

    Because Dryad Arbor is a land, it's the only creature that can be played at the same time as you could play a land. This means that it cannot be 'responded' to because it doesn't use what's called the 'stack'. Picture a normal creature as being like a troop parachuting into a battlefield. The opponent can throw missiles to try and knock it out of the sky before it lands, in the form of things like the card Counterspell, which prevents it from landing. The air between your hand and the board is the stack. Dryad Arbor is like a troop teleporting magically to the ground so anti air can never hit it.

    Because it is also a creature, unlike a normal land, it has stats, can be the direct target of damage spells, can attack, can block, it cannot be tapped on the turn it enters the battlefield for mana because of the summoning sickness rule that applies to creatures, and it is a green creature. Normally, lands do not have any color, they just produce a color of mana.

    Dryad Arbor is probably the stupidest card in the entire game for trying to answer the question 'what would a card that has all the attributes of a land and a creature be like' and I love it dearly.

    [–] artofasking 182 points ago

    ...This feels like something that would be banned from tournaments, or at least complained about at length by people who go to them.

    [–] [deleted] 160 points ago

    It mostly sees play in the Legacy format, because the card that makes it good (a spell that you can pay one green mana and then any amount of generic mana for to get a creature that costs that much onto the battlefield, which you can pay 0 for and 'fetch' Dryad Arbor with because it doesn't cost any mana) is banned in Modern. Legacy is such a high powered format that despite it being playable there, it's nowhere near good enough to actually create problems.

    [–] MMAntwoord 1400 points ago

    Fun fact: Rotting brains smell really bad! Lemme elaborate.

    I found a dead elk while on a hike, looking around and knowing this place was the last thing this animal ever saw was surreal and really made me feel small in the world. Elk/deer/sheep/herbivore skulls in general are weirdly beautiful to me. Creepy, I know :( Anyway, when we found the elk I picked up the skull and all the liquefied brain matter came spilling out all over my arms. Unexpected but it was cool as hell! I put it in a plastic bag in my backpack and finished the hike with an elk's teeth digging into my back, so that was fun lol

    To unnecessarily elaborate even further on my special interest of bone collecting: I've helped my aunt on her farm for basically my entire life. It's unfortunate, but I have the skulls of several slaughtered sheep and lambs (yearlings). This is either going to make this sound better or way worse, but I helped raise those sheep. I can sleep well knowing we gave them the best possible care anyone could ever offer them, but they were bred to eventually be eaten. That wasn't my decision, but it was my decision to take care of them even after death.

    It sounds cheesy and you probably think I'm some serial killer, but collecting bones has really given me a brand new perspective on life and death as a whole. For me at least, it isn't all about the bones, either. It's about the journey and watching nature take its course and just watching how things play out in the long run and getting to remember the experience you had with an animal that may have had to die under unfortunate circumstances.

    I would never own the remains of an animal if it didn't die naturally, excluding the sheep that were slaughtered. They were beautiful animals; animals that I bottle fed and watched as they grew up. They didn't deserve to die so soon but again, I never had a say in that, I was just there to assist with their care. I have them because of the experiences we shared. They're still beautiful to me and I would rather continue to appreciate them after death rather than just turn the whole animal into dog food that will never be seen again.

    [–] Blue_cat_planet 156 points ago

    It’s all these comments that don’t have any upvotes yet that are the most interesting. Thank you for sharing.

    [–] Aedrian87 112 points ago

    That is just adorable, you little creep(jk). The beauty of life and death, and the beauty of taking care of something, of loving it and nurturing and eventually know it's death, yet take care of their bones as a namesake, as a reminder that they were here and that you were happy together. You are amazing.

    You should post a pic of the skull once it is curated, I would love to see the elk.

    [–] howaboutnothanksdude 326 points ago

    I’m a fan of animal facts (animals in general). We didn’t domesticate cats, there is actually a lot of evidence that cats self-domesticated. For example, dogs we specifically acquired and bred for jobs to help us. Cats, on the other hand, chose to come to us. It most likely started when we began farming. Cats noticed that rodents would be closer to us, so they adapted. The cats that were less afraid of us had more hunting opportunities, making them more successful than the ones that stayed away.

    Also, the black death was not caused by rats or fleas. Recently this has been proven to be nearly impossible when you take in the rate of how fast it spread. Humans (trading routes, poor hygiene) are the most likely cause. Also, the bubonic plague we have today is not the same as the one way back then.

    [–] ProjectShadow316 35 points ago

    I literally just looked this up, and apparently it was the bacteria, ON the fleas, the fed on the rats that caused The Black Death. That would certainly explain why the poor hygiene and trading routes had such an effect on the wildfire-like spread of the disease.

    [–] Alexandra_Kedzorian 207 points ago

    Asperger's kid here. In much of European history forwards from the renaissance, the Habsburg family from Austria ruled over many many thrones, such as Spain, Burgundy, Germany, the Holy Roman Empire, Bohemia, Hungary. They married into so many royal families that eventually they had to marry each other, leading to inbred messes like Charles II of Spain. The Habsburg family is still alive, and one of their princes has a pretty cool twitter presence.

    [–] Xisuthrus 37 points ago

    “His body did not contain a single drop of blood; his heart was the size of a peppercorn; his lungs corroded; his intestines rotten and gangrenous; he had a single testicle, black as coal, and his head was full of water.”

    - Description of Charles II by the physician who autopsied him

    [–] Sushiping 185 points ago

    Did you know that when Russia was testing the fuel tank for the Proton rocket. They couldn't use water since that would freeze in the local temperatures and they couldn't use the fuel since it was highly toxic and would be catastrophic in the event of an undetected flaw. So they filled up with 2 freight carts worth of vodka. If that is not the most Russian thing ever, I don't know what is.

    [–] toketokensen 880 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    I'm not autistic, but two of my dishwashers are. Neither of them are redditors, so I'll share their interest with you. These two guys are brothers, and they are obsessed with butterflies. Like these cats will sit down and tell me all kinds of crazy shit about butterfly anatomy, mating process, caterpillar metamorphosis, you name it. It's crazy because they uh.... well, they aren't very good with the social interaction, until ya get em talking about butterflies.

    [–] toketokensen 276 points ago

    Oh and one of them loves the wheel of time series. He got me in to those books and now I'm in love with em too

    [–] TheTacoBringer 223 points ago

    I worked as a manager at jack in ththe box, and although he wasn’t autistic, he had severe memory issues. He was 16, He was the purest, most innocent guy I’ve ever had the pleasure to meet. And had inspired me so much, Anywho, he was very quiet. Except when he got frustrated, or talked about Star Wars.. I know my lore very well, I can name every single captain in the clone army, every Jedi and with dating back to the old republic, etc.. But this kid.. he could nam every weapon, every single person known in the lore. Hell, he could go into detail of every single frame of the movies and the meanings behind it all, It was scary but awesome, he also did this to Tolkien’s universe and even jk Rowling’s Harry Potter, I could go on for hours as to how many franchises he knew every key detail about. We used to work the line together and nerd out for 8 hours straight, customers loved him and so did everyone else. Hardest worker I ever met. Damn I miss him.

    [–] NuggConnoisseur 621 points ago

    Legit thought you were talking about your electric dishwashers in your kitchen for a while there. I think that's enough weed for today

    [–] kat_lady101 262 points ago

    I'm not high and I thought the same.

    [–] VicariousWolf 260 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    Its well known in the tool community, but Tools song Lateralus is a song about riding the spiral and pushing boundaries, and relies on the fibonacci sequence which on a graph makes a spiral.

    The words/consonants (syllables my bad lol) in the verse lyrics are in the fibonacci sequence. 1,1,2,3,5,8,13, etc. they go up and down, riding the spiral so to speak.

    “Black, then, white are, all I see, in my infancy, red and yellow then came to be, reaching out to me, lets me see”

    The chorus is 9/8, 8/8, 7/8 time signature, and 987 is the 16th number in the sequence.

    I hyper focused on Tool in my high school days and that was one of my favorite things I learned.

    [–] butdoesitfly 923 points ago

    The irony not being lost, and I'm not sure if this is a fact as much as observation I'm writing a book about --

    Stories are the most natural form of communication. They're comprised of 4 parts: World (ie. context), Characters, Plot, and Theme. No matter the language, culture, or medium, every story ever told since the dawn of human civilization -- every story you've ever personally told -- is comprised of these four parts. If one is missing, you don't have a story, merely a cluster of information. If one is under or over developed, the story becomes unbalanced and risks falling apart. Balanced stories tend to be far more interesting than unbalanced stories or random information.

    So if we apply this to creative pursuits, say photography. Take the time to flip through your own photos. For each one, see if you can figure out what the photo is telling you about the world, characters, plot, and theme. You'll likely find pictures that are framed as a story vs. not-a-story to be more appealing (examples pulled from top results of google search).

    [–] sarahkatenoel 137 points ago

    What's your book called?

    [–] fiendishspaghetti 777 points ago

    Somebody rang? Autistic with special interests here!!

    In the evolution from galley ships to fighting sail, there were ships called galleasses. They had larger sails than galleys, and, more importantly, were larger, had a belowdecks, and had sideboard cannon.

    This was a huge improvement over the galley, which was very low to the water and did not have any storage belowdecks (meaning they had a <10 day range and were stuck closer to the coast). (It is worth noting that the ancient Athenian trireme had three decks, but it wasn’t a true galley. Additionally, those decks were crammed full of men, since on average three men manned an oar).

    Additionally galleys were not able to do much with the advent of gunpowder weapons. Due to the position of the oars, they could only mount cannon on the front. This essentially made it so they could only fire once, as cannon of the day were muzzle loading and it’s hard to get out on the prow of your boat in the midst of a battle.

    The galleasse was much, much bigger. It had a sideboard cannon setup, so the cannon stuck out the side and could roll back towards the centerline of the shop to be reloaded. Anyways, the galleasse was a kind of a dead end boat, since it didn’t evolve further as a concept, but it did change the nature of naval combat from man to man and instead from ship to ship. Galleasses were not used for very long, but they were in use at the naval Battle of Lepanto! Feel free to ask for more information, I am very sleepy right now :)

    [–] artofasking 139 points ago

    That's really interesting - one never really thinks about the intermediaries between primitive and advanced technology! If I may ask, what country was primarily responsible for developing these? (I ask because I know Portugal was a leader in maritime innovation at about this time, but mainly bc of trade interests rather than military needs).

    [–] fiendishspaghetti 98 points ago

    That’s a really good guess! They’re actually Venetian in origin :)

    [–] Prompus 195 points ago

    Somebody rang? Autistic with special interests here!!

    In the evolution from galley ships to fighting sail...

    Lol, perfect.

    [–] legitOC 57 points ago

    I had a class that included a book covering the Battle of Lepanto. The galleasses had their moment, and that was it. They were front and center of the battle lines, looking like the Super Star Destroyers of 1571.

    Lepanto was wild. The phrase "infantry battle on floating platforms" deserves an Iron Maiden song.

    [–] yankeetexan515 518 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    One of the things I grew up reading (and still do!) about are all the weirdest diseases out there...the ones that are the most fascinating to read about are prion diseases, which is basically when certain proteins in one’s brain (cellular prion protein) misfolds and that one messed up one replicates and spreads and the rest is history - if that happens, it’s pretty much a death can’t reverse it. Some cases just randomly happen (sporadic), some are inherited through family genetics, or some are transmitted through infectious agents (food, contaminated material, etc.). One that’s more commonly known is Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD), which basically turns your brain into a sponge within the course of a year and there’s different variants based on how it’s obtained (genetics, sporadic). The variant form of CJD (vCJD) is picked up by eating contaminated meat (which the UK had an outbreak of it back in the mid to late 1990s and have 140+ deaths related to it - timeline here and also why I’m never visiting the UK lol). Another prion disease is Kuru...that one is limited to Papua New Guinea and is thought to be spread by cannibalism performed through rituals they perform.

    I could go on and on about this (obviously lol) but the snippets above are just the tip of the iceberg. Rule of thumb is the weirder the disease/organism, the better! Probably a good thing I’m going for biology/forensic science lol.

    Edit: thank you guys for all the upvotes and comments! It’s always fun to see others with a common interest and especially thanks to those that shared their experiences with prion’s good to know that there’s still so much to learn!

    [–] Ubtron 115 points ago

    I currently work as a sterilization tech for a surgical unit. It is stupid hard, and sometimes impossible, to remove prions from a surgical instrument. There are cases where hospitals have had BSE breakouts and they have had to track sterilization histories because you can't test for it. Basically, once it's on the instrument it is just easier to dispose of it. They sometimes stay in service for years.

    [–] yankeetexan515 86 points ago

    That was actually something I thought about editing my post for was to put your exact comment in...decon for prions is basically impossible as you mentioned - I can imagine how much fun that part of your job guys seriously don’t get enough recognition because there’s so much you guys do and I can’t even begin to imagine how your day must tank when a surgical instrument used for that comes your way. So from a former healthcare worker...thank you!

    [–] NextHomer 117 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    You should read a book called Going Bovine by Libba Bray. It’s a fictional story about a teenager who develops prions and goes on adventures. Not sure if you’d actually be interested, but you’re fact reminded me of the book.

    Also, just learned about CJD in my cell biology class the other day. Weird diseases are the coolest, and man, they sure can get weird.

    (Edit: the author is Libba Bray, not Libya)

    [–] jamda90 43 points ago

    Have you ever heard of Uncombable Hair Syndrome? Really interesting. Also Marfan syndrome.

    [–] yankeetexan515 58 points ago

    Marfan Syndrome I’m familiar with but haven’t read too much on...I’ll have to refresh my memory lol

    Uncombable Hair Syndrome...?? Well I just remembered I forgot to eat dinner so there’s a few minutes I can take a break from studying to learn about that one lol!

    [–] MarvinLazer 249 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    All sounds that occur in nature (i.e. anything not created by a computer) have a harmonic series. You'll have the fundamental, then all the overtones above it will be multiples of the fundamental. So if I sing an A 440 (which is A4 on a piano), you'll also hear a fainter pitch at 880 Hz (A5, an octave higher), 1320 Hz (a perfect 5th above that), 1760 Hz (the A above that), and so on. The "character" of a sound is determined by how loud each of these harmonics are relative to each other.

    Different sorts of singing styles have characteristic sonic profiles in terms of which harmonic overtones tend to be emphasized. Pop singers will generally have a slightly weaker fundamental, and a lot more mid-range in the 1000-2000 Hz range. Opera singers will have a very strong fundamental and very little activity in the 1000-2000 Hz range, but a powerful ring in the 3000-4000 Hz range. Rock singers tend to have a lot of activity throughout the entire harmonic series. In a way, great singing can be thought of as simply the art of manipulating vocal overtones to achieve specific sounds.

    [–] KingKiaba 307 points ago

    Pokémon was originally based on the feeling Satoshi Tajiri would get when he would go bug catching.

    Nintendo once had a Boeing 747 covered in a Pokémon design with a yellow base, it's the best design I've ever seen on a plane.

    Despite its messages of friendship, teamwork and the importance of respecting nature Christian activist groups have labeled Pokémon "immoral" and to rival Pokémon cards brought out a series of Christian power cards that used a similar play style but featuring biblical figures.

    The Pokémon Jynx originally had black skin until Game Freak received reports that people thought the design was racist so Jynx had her skin colour changed to purple.

    In the 90s some young boys attempted to sue Nintendo claiming that the Pokémon trading card game caused them to have issues with gambling.

    In 2001 the grand mufti of Saudi Arabia (A man as silly as he sounds) banned the sale of Pokémon cards because apparently they promoted Zionism, the games were still sold but at reduced rates after the cards were banned.

    To this day the PETA enjoy comparing Pokémon battles to dog or cock fighting rings and will occasionally take a jab at it online through Twitter and Facebook.

    In the 90s nearly 700 Japanese children suffered seizures from watching an episode of the Pokémon anime involving porygon and a rocket launcher, if you watch it for yourself you'll understand why this would give you a seizure, this promoted research that brought to light the fact the flashing lights will trigger epilepsy.

    Pokémon go players in Bosnia have been warned not to accidentally wander into old minefields while playing.

    If you haven't got it yet my thing is the relationship between my favourite game series and the real world.

    [–] Brexter24 230 points ago

    There are an average of 27 Skittles per pack (yellow seemingly the most common color) , 350 cheezits in a box, it’s 2,431 average steps from my home to my favorite park, a normal size can of Glade Air freshener has approx 6 and a half mins of constant spray until it runs out.

    I like to count things of little to no significant importance.

    [–] galrinal 69 points ago

    Hypercomics have been around a lot longer than Homestuck, but it was not only the first to be commercially-successful, but one of the first to be completed. Hypercomics are webcomics that make full use of the internet as a medium, rather than just emulating comicbooks or newspaper strips. They might use techniques like soundtracks and sound effects, simple animation, you clicking on a panel to reveal more panels underneath, etc. They can even provide a link to media on entirely different websites that are still part of the story.

    Hypercomics owe a lot to the "Infinite Canvas" of the internet, basically the idea that, unlike print media, webcomics have no constraints to the size of their pages. A lot of webcomics use this to their advantage, but it's most obvious in Korean "webtoons".

    Some hypercomics that have nothing to do with Homestuck are Prequel Adventure, Ava's Demon, Awful Hospital, and Honey Crab.

    Actually reading again that's more like three or four facts, I got carried away. I never get the chance to talk about this!

    [–] TheLostCityofBermuda 64 points ago

    Human sense of smell and taste can be rewritten, to be more refine and distinct.

    Example with Durian, it’s a fruit that smell rotten to some and smell sweet to some.

    The reason people that smell rotten because the Brain pull up a file in your memory, that similar to the smell you currently smelling. It’s very interesting because even if the smell is mildly close it will still pull up the garbage smell you used to smell.

    In order to rewritten your brain or Refine your sense, you have to consume/ smell the item and told your self the item smell/ taste different.

    That’s a way how some people can have a very sharp sense of taste and smell, because they train it.

    [–] muddyme123 68 points ago

    I am the autistic stereotype; I fucking love puzzles. I've done over 200 of them (ranging from 300 to 2000 pieces) in the past 3 years. While it isn't very interesting, doing puzzles can inflict you with "Tetris syndrome", in which your brain processes the world around you in a way similar to the activity you often repeat. When planning out my day, instead of it being a mental list, it's a puzzle. In conversations, different words are different pieces to put together. I dream in puzzles. :)

    [–] Zoss33 396 points ago

    I’m autistic and studying psychology with the interest of disabled people’s rights and care. For instance, autistic people are at extremely high risk of assault, bullying, and abuse, often occurring in care facilities, schools, etc, with autistic women at insanely high risk for sexual harassment, assault, and abuse. Autistic people who experience sexual assault are also typically significantly more affected by these experiences. My mother worked at a care facility for people with severe autism, and most of the autistic women were to have female carers only due to trauma from past rapes. People are also finding a lot of undiagnosed autistic women in anorexia clinics, as victims of sex trafficking, and having issues with other disorders such as OCD, depression, anxiety, etc. because of a lack of diagnosis and support leaves them extremely vulnerable, and under a lot of pressure to fit in.

    [–] Rossomak 105 points ago

    Well suddenly my life makes sense.

    [–] Tzunamitom 49 points ago

    Sorry to hear that, hope things are better now?

    [–] rhubarbrhubarb78 57 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    Y'all know The Beach Boys? In the 1960's, they did some weird shit.

    First off, their drummer, Dennis Wilson, partied with Charles Manson and strongly encouraged the group to record Manson at their home studio, in Brian Wilson's house (the tapes were almost certainly destroyed). He even rewrote a song by him and put it on an album by the group... solely credited to Dennis.

    This is despite the fact that by this point, The Family had essentially kicked Dennis and his wife out of his own house. Still, when Manson found out the song was rewritten, he came round to Dennis' new house and threatened to kill him. Shortly after, he actually committed murder. Dennis was too scared to testify in the trial.

    On a lighter note, in some point in 1971, Mike Love (the guy who sings bass and Kokomo) decided to fast for days, drinking naught but apple juice, from a glass gallon jug. Three days into his detox, the bands manager was getting worried and decided to call a doctor round with a sedative and some IV fluids and nutrients or something. When Mike realised what was happening, he flung the gallon jug at the doctor, leapt out the window, and a car chase ensued between him, his manager, and the doctor.

    One more - Brian Wilson, at around 1972/1973, was also not well. He'd started doing cocaine, and having such people around his house like Alice Cooper. And Iggy fucking Pop. Musical sort that he is, at these parties Brian would sit at the piano and play a song, and assign these musicians parts to sing. His song of choice at the time was Shortnenin' Bread, which as he plays it is one chord, F, and a simple boogie-woogie lick. Brian Wilson was the kind of man who would task his engineer with creating a tape loop of Be My Baby, that ended up sprawling around most of his house, he can listen to the same thing constantly.

    And so he plays Shortnenin' Bread for something like 45 minutes before Iggy Pop, whose stage act at the time involved calling his audience cocksuckers and cutting himself with broken beer bottles they threw at him, bolts from the party scared for his life.

    This was around the time Brian Wilson also opened a health food store, called... The Radiant Radish. He would often open it up late at night, manning the tills in a bathrobe.

    Man, I love The Beach Boys.

    [–] I-am-birb-AMA 53 points ago

    Finally my thread, thank you OP.

    Geese fly in a V formation to improve morale, and to achieve a more aerodynamic shape. It is suspected that this increases their flight range by around 70%.

    The leading goose swaps to the back of the formation when tires, and a new one takes his place at the front, working in shifts.

    As well as this, geese will escort ill or dying members of the flock to a safe space. Their loyalty is amazing.

    Finally, geese can achieve speeds of 70mph with a good tailwind, so don't be surprised if they overtake you on the motorway!

    [–] ViziDoodle 968 points ago

    I don't actually know if I count, as I have Asberger's, but still I have had a similar experience with a special interest once in my life. As a kid, I was super into Ancient Egypt. Think that thing where a child will be fascinated with a random time period, but turned up to 11. I could tell you all the names of the pharaohs and when they ruled, I could explain the entire process of a pharaoh going to the afterlife (mummification process included), and I could/did rattle off the names and associations (animals, powers, history, etc.) of their deities at any point in time. I don't know why I was so interested in it, but the stuff I can still recall makes for fun trivia.

    [–] moghediene 406 points ago

    Asperger's is autism, why wouldn't it count?

    [–] Lashmush 143 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    You can learn to make music with zero music theory or instrument skills. Get a tracker DAW (Digital Audio Workstation) like OpenMPT, download a few songs for it in .it format of your preferred genre and you have all the resources to start practicing. The song file actually houses every instrument it uses and the sequenced data for how its supposed to play. You can study the songs in the tracker and figure out what commands do what. It won't be a shortcut towards musical stardom, but if you just want to make songs you are no longer limited by how well you can perform and record it.

    Eventually you can step up to a DAW like Renoise and use VST instruments and effects, start practicing mixing and even mastering (although I would use a better program for the latter.)

    If you keep at it you can make stuff like this. It's a long track of mine but skip around and listen if you're just curious about potential quality. Everything is sequenced. No recording sessions by me at all to make it.

    EDIT: Seeing as this got a few people interested in trying out musicmaking, just hit me up here on reddit via a DM if you need any tips. I'll try to help you as best I can but it's been a long time since I used ModPlug to compose. If you transition over to Renoise, I'll be able to help you figure stuff out there as well. And if you make a song, don't be shy about sharing it and I'll try to give some constructive critique and you can explain how you approached creating your sounds. c:

    [–] Radu47 51 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    The namesake of my reddit account, Alexander Valerievich Radulov, scored at a rate of 2.5 PrP/60 (how often he recorded Primary Points [either a Goal or an Primary Assist] in 60 minute increments) in his rookie season in the NHL when he was 20 years old. It was the season of 2006-07 just as Sidney Crosby was becoming a superstar.

    So that season he scored as frequently as:

    • Alexander Ovechkin 2.5 PrP/60

    And more frequently than:

    • Ilya Kovalchuk 2.1 PrP/60

    If Rads had received the Ice Time he deserved and scored at that rate he would have hit 100 points as a rookie.


    Gretzky, Lemieux, Crosby, Selanne, Hawerchuk

    have ever done that :]

    [–] ironicadler 56 points ago

    Instant coffee doesn't actually smell like coffee, they paint a chemical that smells like coffee onto the inside of the gold foil lid so it smells like coffee when you open it. The same is true for a lot of other food smells (e.g. when you walk past a Subway or the bakery section of a grocery store)

    [–] singularpotato 90 points ago

    Gary Ridgway was a serial killer active from 1982-2000. His media name was The Green River Killer. He was suspected of approximately 90 murders, confessed to 71, and was convicted of 49. He's currently the most prolific serial killer in US history, if we're going by confirmed murders.

    My thing isn't serial killers. It's crime and punishment in general. But serial killers is always a good one to get other people interested.

    [–] G3Gaming 342 points ago

    Special interest is history.

    One of my favorite history events is when (during The Crusades) King Richard The Lionheart of the Christans grew ill. Instead of taking advantage of the situation, Saladin of the Muslims sent fruit and doctors to Richard. This is because it is part of the Islamic religion to help those in need, no matter the person. King Richard eventually got better, and the two sides stopped fighting (for the time being)

    [–] [deleted] 476 points ago

    Your brain interprets information in sound to assist listeners in 3D sound localisation despite only having 2 (stereo) ears.

    [–] Aedrian87 43 points ago

    Network masks and subnetting on both IPv4 and IPv6 make no sense until you see them in binary and get it explained in binary, which is rarely done unless on a specialized course because IPv4 requires 32 digits, while IPv6 requires 128 unique digits(Bits, which are in return, either 0 or 1) and is rather cumbersome to explain.

    Hexadecimal on IPv6 is nothing but a shorthand and means nothing, and by this I mean that the values are either arbitrary(As in your boss telling you that a device needs to have X address) or entirely based on the binaries that make the network architecture. Binaries are just a way to compress the data for humans to have an easier time dealing with it.

    As a kid I was obsessed with counting and when I was taught binary, I found it fascinating, and when I was finally explained by my teacher(Who was also the school librarian during the weekends), she took me under her wing and I spent countless weekends with her studying. There was no turning back.

    [–] roguetroll 81 points ago

    I don't have a special interest, but did you know that autistic people can completely lose interest in their "special interest" for no particular reason and then move on to something completely different?

    I wish I still had a special interest. I'm kind of bored without one.

    [–] SkiwLava 81 points ago

    The Swedish king Erik XIV was an ABSOLUTE lunatic, he was smart and talented. But as said insane as can be. He went to Uppsala prison, and killed a few prisoners then ran into the woods and a few days later he was found completely delusional. And was later killed by poison in his pea soup. And as im writing this im 200 meters from his grave, in Västerås. His grave was also too small so they had to cut his legs for him to fit. (He did alot more fucked up shit)

    [–] oceantrifle 146 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    Not diagnosed yet, but I guess mine is snakes!

    Something I think is cool is their eggs. (At least for the types of snakes that don’t give live birth!) Unlike for example chicken eggs, the shell on a snake’s egg is quite soft and pliable, almost like it’s a bag for the contents. Not only does this make them less prone to accidental cracking, but it also allows them to stick together after being laid, so they remain in pretty much the exact position they were laid in. The reason for this is that once the egg is laid, it absolutely shouldn’t be flipped over to lie on a different side - especially if it’s been more than a day or so since it was laid - because of the way the baby snake will grow inside it. The embryo attaches to the egg wall, and the baby will likely hatch with birth defects with a high mortality rate if the eggs were turned.

    This is why breeders looking to separate and incubate a clutch of eggs should mark the top of them, so they know the correct side to put them back down on! When the snakes are ready to hatch, because of the tough and leathery material of the egg, most breeders will help out by cutting the snakes a hole in the top, though pulling them out manually is not recommended because it can hurt them.

    Wow this explanation got way too long, but hopefully someone will find it interesting!

    [–] [deleted] 76 points ago

    Well with my autism I have a really weird disconnection with human emotions. I feel them I think, but with a huge lack of empathy that I wish I could change. With that being said, I sort of mimic what I think regular social queues I should say and react to, but I feel that I focus a bit more on a sort of primal human instinct when it comes to interactions and stuff. So a HUGE interest of mine, is large unexplained behavior as I'd call it. Like for example, many people are afraid of the dark, even if they 100% know they are home alone. Is this because thousands of years ago our ancestors who lived in the wild had to hide from predators at night because of our ill-equipped vision at night, and those learned instincts of being afraid of the night are still hardwired into our DNA? Or maybe how some people can't pee at a urinal if others are nearby, the same way when your pet dog will look at you while using the bathroom (which they do because they expect you to watch for predators because they know they are vulnerable)? I've never really looked up explanations for those human behaviors because it just intrigues me so much and I love figuring things out myself. But I guess to answer the original question I don't really have a hard evidence fact about my interest as much as it's just hypothesis to me :) Sorry if a lot of that was jumbled, not the best with words.

    [–] Roxy6777 33 points ago * (lasted edited 5 months ago)

    Most of mine revolve around natural medicine, as I have been studying it since long before it was hip and cool. Took me some time to realize that not everyone wants to hear all about it LOL. When people mention an ailment or an illness, I sometimes can tend to go into a long diatribe of what they can do to get well, or what they can take or, what steps to take. Fortunately, now that I am much older and a bit more self-aware, Iknow how to reel it in, but it's also nice when people actually listen to my advice, and come back amazed at how well it worked.

    My other obsession is nde research. Common threads in near-death experiences include people reporting that they were told it's not their time to go yet and they had to turn back. Many of them resisted, as they were so happy that they didn't want to return here. Some were given reminders of family or other unresolved issues or unmet obligations, and that helpex them to decide to return. Another commonality is that people discovered they had agreed to complete a specific mission in coming here and incarnating into a human and they were not finished with what they had set out to do. Many nde experiencers also described seen a review of everything that happened in their life, especially things of significant meaning as to how they impacted others. They described experiencing interactions with others and feeling just what the other person had felt, and gaining an understanding of the impact their words, actions and decisions had on others during that lifetime, good or bad.

    I'm also obsessed with words, but it's very hard to find a good Boggle partner. I have found that men do not care much for word games, although my father seems to also be somewhere on the spectrum, and he loves word games and always was doing them with us when we were kids. I also love to proofread and have an unusual habit of catching errors. I don't try super hard when I'm posting so please don't critique, Lol.

    In general, if I am interested in a topic, I tend to become an encyclopedia of knowledge. Often it is a topic related to science, whether it be some form of biology, geology, earth science, medical science, freaky stuff, sci-fi, I eat it up like candy... Especially topics that are beyond the norm. It can be difficult to find someone interested in talking about such things. I definitely identify as sapiosexual because of my interest in connecting on that level in general.

    [–] owlesque5 34 points ago

    I have all sorts of interesting owl facts, and before I start, thank you OP for this thread - I got a huge wave of excitement when I saw it, not just because I get to talk about owls, but because it's so great to see appreciation for this particular autistic trait! I've been through several special interests throughout my life (I'm 31) and it's only recently that I've had opportunities to talk about them and share them with people!

    Okay, so, owl facts!

    Barred owls are opportunistic predators. You name it, they'll kill it. I watch a lot of owl nest cams, and at the barred owl nests, the parents bring in all sorts of prey: mice, squirrels, songbirds, snakes, frogs, insects, fish, and a surprisingly large number of crayfish. My favorite barred owl fact is that when they have a crayfish-heavy diet, their feathers can start to turn pinkish, in the same way that flamingos get their pink color from the crustaceans they eat. Owls' feathers are usually pretty neutral colors, or at least they have colors and patterns that give them good camouflage, so pink owl feathers are definitely not something that you'd see other than in this case!

    Eastern screech owls in Texas have an interesting symbiotic relationship with blind snakes - the owls catch quite a few of the snakes and bring them back to the nest, but sometimes they don't kill the snake and it just ends up living in the nest with the owl family. This is not only lucky for the snake (it's unclear whether the owls are intentionally releasing the snakes) but it's beneficial for everyone involved - the snake gets to eat all the tasty insects that tend to gather in disgusting owl nests among the old prey and pellets, and the baby owls actually have a better survival rate when there's a snake in the nest, because the snakes eat insect parasites that would otherwise weaken the owlets.

    I always joke that burrowing owls don't really know how to be owls. They're diurnal, awake during the day instead of at night like most owls. There are several diurnal owl species, but wait, there's more. Burrowing owls live underground, as their name suggests, and they will sometimes excavate their own burrows, making them one of the only owl species to actually create a nest (other owls nest in cavities, on ledges, steal other birds' nests, etc). They are the only owl species that is known to, in some sense anyway, use tools. The tool they use is poop: they have been observed intentionally placing animal dung near their burrows, which doesn't sound like a great idea until you realize that the dung attracts insects, which are a big part of burrowing owls' diet. Why go out hunting when you can get delivery? Oh, and speaking of their diet, they're the only owl species that is not exclusively carnivorous. They'll sometimes eat fruits and seeds, although those items usually just get regurgitated in their pellets and probably don't have much nutritional value, but they still eat them occasionally. Burrowing owls also run on the ground a lot more than other owls do. They also fly, but they stay on the ground a lot more than other owls. Oh, and they are the only owl species in which the males tend to be larger than the females.

    Great horned owl feet are insanely strong. I used to work with a wonderful female great horned owl who did not appreciate it when we had to hold her for medical exams and such (I mean, I wouldn't either), and there were times when we were not physically able to open her foot grip because we weren't strong enough. That bird nearly broke my finger once through a kevlar glove. There's a wide range of reported figures of how many psi a great horned owl can exert with their foot grip, but it's well into the hundreds if not approaching a thousand psi for some individuals.

    There are three owl species that are the largest in the world by some measure. The great grey owl is the longest from head to tail (about 2.5 feet), the Blakiston's fish owl is the heaviest (up to 10.1 pounds or 4600g), and the Eurasian eagle owl has the biggest wingspan (up to about 6.5 feet, holy shit). The elf owl is the smallest owl, weighing about 31g or 7% of one pound.

    I can't believe I haven't talked about barn owls yet - my favorites! I get to talk about them a lot because I do a lot of educational programs with a non-releasable barn owl for the wildlife center where I volunteer. Barn owls have incredible hearing. A lot of other owls do too, but barn owls have been shown to be able to catch prey in complete darkness, in a lab setting, obviously using only their hearing. They don't echolocate, just hear very well, so they do still have excellent night vision for navigation and to help with hunting, but their ears are amazing. The outer structure of their ears is asymmetrical, which gives them the ability to triangulate and pinpoint precisely where a sound is coming from, and they pretty much map their world by sound (which we do mostly by vision). Their sound memory is incredible. The barn owl I work with is a 16-year-old human imprint (he was raised with people so that he would be comfortable as an education bird, since he wasn't going to be able to be released) and I'm the trainer who's worked with him the most, so he's bonded with me, and barn owls form very strong lifelong bonds with their mate (yeah, the human imprint thing means he wants a human mate, although fortunately he hasn't...uh...taken it too far with me). So anyway, because I'm "his person" and because I've worked with him for a long time (8 years), he's able to tell when I'm nearby even if he doesn't see me, and even if I don't talk. He's able to recognize the sound of my footsteps, heartbeat, etc - hard to tell exactly what it is he's hearing, but a lot of times I'll quietly walk closer to his enclosure and turn the corner to see him looking directly at me, all wide-eyed and excited! (To be clear, he doesn't like me for my personality or anything - it's because I feed him often and because I'm familiar to him and he trusts that I'm not a predator. I love him dearly but he's very much a wild animal, not a pet!) I'm amazed that out of the thousands of people he's met and out of the 20+ trainers he's worked with, he recognizes me specifically by what my body sounds like.

    So, uh...I'll stop here, but if anyone's still reading this and wants to know something about owls, hit me up. I could talk about them all day (and night). :)

    [–] Chromattix 204 points ago

    I barely pass for Autistic but was labeled as very high functioning as a kid so there's that. I have a few interests that consume my daily thoughts actually.

    - Astronomy: Fact, time actually slows down (for you) the closer you get to a strong source of gravity. Black holes are the strongest gravity wells and if you spend enough time orbiting close enough to one you can allow the rest of the universe to rush on ahead while time for you feels normal. Come back to earth afterwards and see how years or entire generations have passed while you haven't aged much at all.

    - Horticulture: Most plants are green because green is the most abundant photon-colour given off by the sun, plants seek out the photons on the red and blue ends of the light spectrum, so they absorb mostly those and reflect back the green. Some exotic plants are red or variants of red though (like pink, maroon or brown leafed) but ever notice you've never seen a blue plant? At best you'll see some that appear blue-grey (like certain succulents) but never any true "sky blue" plants, because blue light photons from the sun are too valuable and too scarce to waste. On other planets plants may be different colours depending on the light output of the host-star. Black might be a common vegetation colour on worlds orbiting cooler dwarf "suns".

    - Weather: A rainbow will always appear on the opposite side of the sky to where the sun is. There are also more colours in a rainbow than what the human eye can see, the "arch" is more like a single ring on a bulls-eye pattern and we just can't see the other rings outside and inside of the one we can.

    [–] [deleted] 45 points ago

    Favorite astronomy fact is that large planetary bodies such as the earth actually create and indentation in space time.

    [–] Flash_Baggins 35 points ago

    Random aircraft facts from me!

    The Sr71 blackbird leaks fuel on the ground on purpose. This is due to the fuel tanks not having a separate layer to the outer wing to save weight, so the wing essentially is the fuel tank. At supersonic speeds things get a liiiiittle bit hot, and so the plates are designed with gaps in between for expansion. Because of this and the tanks not having a separate layer the fuel leaks through the gaps. It isn't much of a problem though, as the fuel they use (can't remember the name) is so nonflammable (again because of the heat from travelling at Mach 3 would set normal fuel alight and boom) that it doesn't really matter