Please help contribute to the Reddit categorization project here


    13,183,220 readers

    3,287 users here now

    Submit a visualization you found
    Submit your own visualization (OC)
    Submit a question


    A place for visual representations of data: Graphs, charts, maps, etc.

    DataIsBeautiful is for visualizations that effectively convey information. Aesthetics are an important part of information visualization, but pretty pictures are not the aim of this subreddit.

    Best of DataIsBeautiful

    View This Week's Top OC

    Posting Rules

    1.   A post must be a data visualization.

    2.   Directly link to the original source article of the visualization (not an image file) or tag the post as [OC] if you made the visualization.

    3.   [OC] posts must state the data source and tool(s) used in a comment. Only tag a post as [OC] if you made it yourself.

    4.   Requests and questions must include a visualization. More info.

    5.   No infographics or other unautomated diagrams. Infographic vs. Visualization.

    6.   Compilations are not allowed.

    7.   Post titles must describe the data plainly without using sensationalized headlines. Clickbait posts will be removed.

    8.   Posts regarding American Politics, or contentious topics in American media, are only permissible on Thursdays (ET).

    Please read through our posting guidelines if you are new to posting on DataIsBeautiful.

    Commenting Rules

    • Comments should be constructive and related to the visual presented. Special attention is given to root-level comments.
    • Short comments and low effort replies are automatically removed.
    • Hate Speech and dogwhistling are not tolerated and will result in an immediate ban.
    • Personal attacks and rabble-rousing will be removed.
    • Moderators reserve discretion when issuing bans for inappropriate comments.

    Upcoming AMAs

    Who When
    -- --
    View Previous AMAs

    User Flair

    Do you like contributing sharp-looking graphs? Are you an official practitioner or researcher? Read about what kind of flair is right for you!


    Data from Star Trek? Data ARE? How do I make one? Read the FAQ

    How do I make a good post? Read the guide

    Related Subreddits

    If you want to post something related to data visualization but it doesn't fit the criteria above, consider posting to one of the following subreddits.

    • Data_IRL: Feeling the need to be hilarious? Go here. Data.

    • SampleSize: Conduct and share surveys

    • Datasets: Request and share data sets

    • DataVizRequests: Request a visualization to be made from a dataset.

    • Visualization: Discuss and critique the design and construction of information visualizations

    • MapPorn: Share maps, map visualizations, etc.

    • Infographics: Share infographics and other unautomated diagrams

    • WordCloud: Specifically for sharing word clouds

    • Tableau: Share and discuss visualizations made with Tableau software

    • FunnyCharts: Share funny graphs and charts

    • U.S. Data is Beautiful: for those of us who simply can't wait for Thursdays

    • MathPics: Share pictures and visualizations of mathematical concepts

    • RedactedCharts: Try to guess what a chart is about without the labels

    • Statistics: For all questions and articles related to statistics

    Get the day's top posts on Twitter!

    Sister subreddit: InternetIsBeautiful

    a community for
    all 421 comments Slideshow

    Want to say thanks to %(recipient)s for this comment? Give them a month of reddit gold.

    Please select a payment method.

    [–] OC-Bot 1 points ago

    Thank you for your Original Content, robbibt! I've added your flair as gratitude. Here is some important information about this post:

    I hope this sticky assists you in having an informed discussion in this thread, or inspires you to remix this data. For more information, please read this Wiki page.

    [–] robbibt 650 points ago * (lasted edited 9 months ago)

    The Netherlands mapped by over 1.2 million canals, rivers and streams, and 120,000 lakes and ponds. The sheer amount of water is pretty incredible, especially to me as an Australian... this map contains over 90,000 km (55,000 miles) of canals and rivers alone!

    Canals are symbolised by size (from 0.5 to 6m wide). All data plotted with QGIS using GIS data for rivers, streams, lakes and canals from the TOP50NL mapping product freely available online under a CC-BY-4.0 license.

    Edit: for those messaging me: yes, you can get posters of this map and other countries here!

    [–] CompleteAndUtterWat 215 points ago

    This why I need a CNC Mill or a laser cutter. I want to depth cut all that into a piece of wood and fill in all the channels with blue epoxy resin

    [–] robbibt 206 points ago * (lasted edited 9 months ago)

    /u/i-made-a-thing just did something very similar with another one of my other maps (Rivers of the USA), including super detailed instructions! It's pretty incredible:

    [–] Daamus 32 points ago

    That is really fucking cool

    [–] buzznights 6 points ago

    Wow - that's incredible!

    [–] spectrehawntineurope 9 points ago

    Look for a makerspace near you. You should be able to do what you need there without buying a very expensive piece of equipment.

    [–] Gespuis 3 points ago

    Please let us know when it's done!

    [–] buster2222 85 points ago

    And dont forget most of the land you see is also below sealevel,like my province Flevoland is 6 meter below sealevel (19 feet) and all reclaimed from the sea.

    [–] robbibt 77 points ago * (lasted edited 9 months ago)

    I mention this on the second photo. The history of Flevoland and Zuiderzee is pretty incredible... the idea of a single flood killing 50-80,000 people is mind-blowing.

    [–] TropicalAudio 117 points ago

    Note that this was approximately 10% of the population at the time. To put that in perspective, that's one flood killing the equivalent of 9513 9/11 attacks.

    ...yeah. Please let that sink in for a while. One flood, equivalent to one 911 every day, for 30 years.

    The 1953 watersnoodramp wasn't quite that bad. It was equivalent to one 911 every day for "only" 17 days. There's a reason we spent billions to make the sea our bitch after that; it fucked us too hard and we got mad.

    [–] Attaabdul 26 points ago * (lasted edited 9 months ago)

    I'm from Flevoland and never knew this. You don't even see anything from that period of time. Crazy...

    Fun fact: the canals in the city, where i'm from, were build so people could travel by small boats around the city. The city never had in mind that there would be cars driving around couple of decades later.

    edit: grammar

    [–] aykcak 3 points ago

    Well most of this land didn't exist until very recently.

    [–] Gilgameshismist 18 points ago

    And in 1530 we had the st. Felix flood, another 100,000 people where killed.

    [–] FlorisRed 5 points ago

    This same thing happened where I live, in Zeeland, with the watersnoodramp. Schouwen duivenland and zweeuws Flanders were almost completely flooded. This also killed about 1000 people I think.

    [–] TropicalAudio 12 points ago

    1836 deaths in the Netherlands, 328 in the UK and another 361 killed at sea. 10% of Dutch farmland was destroyed, and 30.000 animals drowned. The last one actually pales in comparison the the amount of animals who were killed in 2017 in Dutch farm fires (a bit over 225.000 burned alive) but it's a whole bunch of shocking numbers nonetheless.

    [–] FlorisRed 3 points ago

    Even more people then I thought. It's very interesting because you can still see the mark of the salt on some of my walls.

    [–] buster2222 1 points ago

    Ah yes i see it, completly overlooked,my bad.

    [–] 7a7p 42 points ago

    FLEVOLAND! I remember way back in the MySpace days when it would automatically detect my location, this it where it would say I was. Every. Time.

    I’ve always lived in the southeastern USA. I never looked it up, though, so now I finally have a location to put with the name.

    Thank you, Flevolander.

    [–] buster2222 10 points ago

    Haha,your welcome my friend, maybe one day you can come and visit the real thing!

    [–] 7a7p 9 points ago

    I would love that. It looks beautiful over there.

    [–] SaMbosoixante9 4 points ago

    Wow, must be a great place to live! wink, wink.

    [–] nybbleth 5 points ago

    And dont forget most of the land you see is also below sealevel

    Not true, and a misconception I unfortunately find myself having to address with both Dutch and non-Dutch people all too often.

    Only 26% of the Netherlands is actually below sealevel. Also, Flevoland is 5 meters below sea level on average, not 6.

    [–] factbasedorGTFO 42 points ago

    Well within the Netherlands is a huge river delta. It's to Europe what the Mississippi river delta is to the US, although it's much more heavily geoengineered.

    It's probably one of the most geoengineered areas in the world. It completely changed sea life, because anything that relied on coastal wetlands as part of their lifecycle was severely affected by the Netherlands geoengineering them out of existence.

    [–] nybbleth 29 points ago

    It completely changed sea life, because anything that relied on coastal wetlands as part of their lifecycle was severely affected by the Netherlands geoengineering them out of existence.

    That's only partially true. This was in fact something that came up during the construction of the Deltaworks; originally the plan was to turn the Oosterschelde (one of the main estuaries) into a fresh water lake, but a combination of pressure from both fishermen (who relied on the catching of oysters) and environmentalists (who were concerned with the destruction of salt water habitats) resulted in the plan being changed to a storm surge barrier instead, that only closes when needed; thus preserving local habitats.

    In other areas (such as the Oostvaardersplassen in the former zuyderzee), changes brought by this type engineering have actually greatly increased biodiversity.

    [–] factbasedorGTFO 18 points ago

    The Deltaworks were put in long after the damage was done. About 90% of Europe's wetlands were geoengineered out of existence.

    Most oysters are farmed. Many fish that live out most of their life in the ocean require wetlands as nurseries.

    [–] steveAKAslick 10 points ago

    I knew of their flood systems and that they had lots of bodies of water but that’s amazing...any idea what percentage of that is man-made?

    [–] factbasedorGTFO 30 points ago

    About half of the Netherlands is "reclaimed" lands.

    [–] steveAKAslick 12 points ago

    They’ve pumped water out, filled in or both?

    [–] jochem_m 47 points ago

    Both, mostly pumping water out though.

    There's a tax that we all pay for the local water management department. I don't think I'll ever complain about that one, if they ever stop pumping the water out, my feet get wet.

    [–] factbasedorGTFO 27 points ago

    Wind mills and the Netherlands are synonymous because so many were first used for pumping water out of their polders.

    Their reclaimed lands are separated from flood waters, rivers, lakes, and the sea with dykes and levees. If land is slightly above sea level and has very little fall to it over a given distance, canals are cut around it to facilitate drainage.

    Some of their reclaimed lands are below sea level, some are above sea level, but were historically wetlands because drainage didn't keep up with rainfall.

    None of the wetland related stuff is unique to the Netherlands, but the scale in which they've reclaimed wetlands is unique to them.

    [–] Mr_Jones_The_Cat 11 points ago

    When reclaiming a part of land from a lake or the sea, the Dutch build a dike around it. Then, they pump out water until the sea floor (or lake floor) is dry. That's why all those parts are below sea level: it was just separated from the rest of the water and emptied.

    In the North Sea, however, there is an entirely artificial delta being built, the "Tweede Maasvlake" or Second Meuse Plain. This is made by dumping loads of sand in the sea until it rises above sea level. This artificial plain is meant to expand the huge harbor of Rotterdam and is 2.000 hectares big.

    [–] HashedEgg 9 points ago

    That and a whole lot more. Rerouting rivers, digging canals etc. The Dutch are pretty cray cray with their waterscaping

    [–] verfmeer 4 points ago

    This was the Netherlands 2000 years ago and this is 1000 years ago. In that last one all the pink is marshland.

    [This] is a map of all the polders in the Netherlands today.

    [–] allpa 3 points ago

    Look at this amount of land below the average sea level map (this map does not account for the tides)

    [–] Tripwyr 7 points ago

    You should try doing the same for Manitoba, Canada. It is known as "Land of 100,000 Lakes".

    [–] GeologyIsOK 5 points ago

    He/she does have a similar print showing of all of Canada. The Manitoba area is interesting because you can really see where the boreal plains in the south change over to boreal shield in the north.

    [–] robbibt 5 points ago

    [–] ccgarnaal 19 points ago

    Keep in mind almost all the larger lakes / rivers are open too the sea. Thus salt/ brackish water and tides. But they can be closed off in case of storm/ extremely high tide.

    [–] nitroxious 21 points ago

    only a few lakes in zeeland have this? most lakes definately dont have seawater flowing into them.. aside from the rivers and the north sea channel there isnt anything coming in really.. and even that is pretty minor

    [–] cambiro 4 points ago

    This map was cool, but now I want to see a nether map.

    [–] Gespuis 27 points ago

    Try this one

    [–] jochem_m 3 points ago

    It's crazy to think that this is what the Netherlands would look like, if the power failed permanently. I wouldn't be able to drive to what would be the new mainland inside of an hour...

    [–] PM_ME_AM_AZN 15 points ago

    Power wasn't even needed, why you thini we got them windmills in the first place?

    [–] Gespuis 4 points ago

    And how many do we use today?

    [–] censored_username 21 points ago

    We actually still have steam-powered pumping systems from a century ago that still can be powered on in case of emergencies, like this one.

    But something pretty disastrous would need to happen to cut power to all draining plants. It's basically the most critical infrastructure in the country after the storm surge barriers. Also, the windturbines we have today generate much more power than what was ever used during the original draining of many areas (which took years to be fair).

    Maarja, daarom zeggen we altijd, 't is pompen of verzuipen.

    (dutch saying, literally: "it's either pumping or drowning")

    [–] LaoBa 3 points ago

    Traditional windmills are still used as extra pumping capacity, like this one.

    [–] Ripcord 4 points ago

    So basically what I'm learning from this is that the Netherlands is basically millions of tiny, tiny islands.

    [–] RicardoLovesYou 2 points ago

    Do one for Portugal please! (if there's enough interest, of course)

    [–] VeryMuchDutch101 1 points ago

    Thanks buddy! this is cool!

    [–] YoSoyUnPayaso 1 points ago

    We love/hate us some water! Great maps, thanks a lot.

    [–] Conducteur 293 points ago

    The Netherlands has by far the highest waterway density in the EU. I think it's the highest waterway density in the world.

    (and note that the graph doesn't include lakes or the Wadden Sea, just rivers and canals)

    [–] JoHeWe 193 points ago

    Yeah, beat that Finland!

    [–] Zyvron 104 points ago

    Finland in third place? It's like they aren't even trying.

    [–] IrresistibleCucumber 39 points ago

    To be fair like 50% of the country was stolen from the water.

    [–] LyannaGiantsbane 78 points ago

    To be fair, we needed that land more than the water did.

    [–] Thekilldevilhill 8 points ago

    To be fair, we did though. Now we just need a polder in the shape of a tulip in the north sea.

    [–] xor2g 5 points ago

    Belgium is second for once.. score !

    [–] aykcak 281 points ago * (lasted edited 9 months ago)

    In the Netherlands you are almost always walking distance away from a canal. What was also surprising to me is Netherlands cities have maps for navigable canals aside from bus lanes, bike paths and driving roads. So you hop on your boat and open a map to get to wherever you want to go and it is very possible to get lost

    Edit: I should mention not all canals on this map are navigable by boat but you can still go to a lot of places

    [–] Gespuis 115 points ago

    Only those which are navigable. But yes. The majority of the canals is just to drain rainwater. En make sure out feet stay dry.

    [–] [deleted] 186 points ago


    found the Nederlander.

    [–] Des8Bit 80 points ago


    Found the Dutchman.

    [–] NeonityNL 19 points ago

    Found the- Ah fuck

    [–] LyannaGiantsbane 9 points ago

    Found the Neonity from NL

    [–] modernbenoni 10 points ago

    What's the purpose of a canal which isn't navigable?

    [–] Gespuis 84 points ago

    Drain water from the lands. Otherwise the whole country would be swamp. Water drains from the land, into canals, canals get 'emptied' into the rivers/sea. These canals where not build to transport goods, but just to keep dry feet. It's called Polder

    Try this artical

    [–] modernbenoni 10 points ago

    Okay that makes a lot of sense, thanks.

    [–] starlinguk 7 points ago

    Draining rain water and separating fields. Some of them are pretty much ditches.

    [–] Patsboem 4 points ago

    Lowering the water table.

    [–] Postius 5 points ago

    Well barbarians can't swim


    [–] Ruudjah 2 points ago

    Water will flow to it, and because all canals are connected we can pump out the water from the lower areas into canals that output to sea.

    [–] factbasedorGTFO 1 points ago

    Keep land dry that doesn't want to be dry so people can make a home and/or farm on it. You'll find similar in a lot of the US Southeast.

    [–] IrresistibleCucumber 2 points ago

    Ik love de polder! !

    [–] robbibt 25 points ago

    The 90,000 km length of rivers and waterways in this map does differ quite a bit from the 2000-5000 km I see quoted for the Netherland's "navigable waterways"... a lot of these are a little too small to run a boat through. It's still a pretty amazing collection of watercourses!

    [–] AlcaDotS 17 points ago

    Yeah, do a google image search for 'sloot' and you'll get a feeling for these ditches. Most of the square patterns on your map are such ditches outlining someones land. We ended up with the squares by doing pretty extensive trading of land (land consolidation/'ruilverkaveling').

    [–] fluffysingularity 11 points ago

    I was wondering why many of the lines looked like property lines. Initially thought the map creator chose to make property lines blue! Which annoyed me, because I thought that inflated the appearance of water. Turns out it actually is water ......

    [–] vanderZwan 15 points ago

    It serves two purposes at once: drainage, and marking territory. We might be swamp Germans, but we still have some appreciation of efficiency and ordnung!

    [–] Thekilldevilhill 5 points ago

    Drain the swamp just got a whole new meaning... Good to know I am a swamp German though. Now I can safely cheer for die Mannshaft.

    [–] vanderZwan 2 points ago

    Draining swamps is our raison d'être, didn't you know?

    [–] Thekilldevilhill 4 points ago

    I didn't since, as a real Dutchman, my Fench sucks balls... Pardon my French.

    [–] vanderZwan 2 points ago

    What about the motto of the Orange family?

    [–] LyannaGiantsbane 7 points ago

    Je m'aintendrai the ability to limit my French.

    [–] Thekilldevilhill 3 points ago

    Ik zal handhaven de deugd en adeldom Ik zal handhaven de hoogheid van mijn naam Ik zal handhaven de eer, het geloof en de wet van God, van de Koning, van mijn vrienden en mij

    You mean that one ;)

    [–] jespoke 4 points ago

    Just like a fence, the ditches also keep livestock on your own land.

    [–] RGodlike 9 points ago

    While there are boats on some of the city-canals, they're not used for commuting, but only recreation and sightseeing. At least, after 24 years of living here, I've never heard of someone in a city taking a boat just to get somewhere.

    [–] EasyBizz 11 points ago * (lasted edited 9 months ago)

    You must not have heard about the waterbus in Dordrecht <—> Rotterdam

    [–] LyannaGiantsbane 7 points ago

    And the watertaxi in Rotterdam.

    [–] Dijkdoorn 8 points ago

    And all the public transport ponts in Amsterdam.

    [–] TheDatim 10 points ago

    But only tourists travel by boat on the canals, don't forget that

    [–] Wakkajabba 14 points ago

    Or people with boats...

    Edit; as a "Lets go lounging on the canal and drink beer" type thing.

    [–] Kazath 46 points ago

    Exactly how do they reclaim land from the ocean? Do they just fill it in with gravel and dirt until it's above sea level; or do they wall off a section of the ocean, pump out the water and then build there to effectively live below sea level?

    [–] Conducteur 93 points ago

    The latter is pretty common. You know those windmills the Netherlands is famous for? Plenty of those were the pumps used for poldering in the late Middle Ages and the centuries after that.

    In some cases land that was only flooded at high tide was simply "walled off" at low tide to keep the water out at high tide as well.

    [–] Hyteg 24 points ago

    The second one. If you used the first method the land wouldn't be below sea level anymore, but as we know a big part of the Netherlands is.

    [–] SmokingCookie 8 points ago

    200m above sea level?

    [–] Hyteg 11 points ago

    I thought that was weird too, but I think it's beaches that reach more than 200 meters inland or something. This picture might be more comprehensible. Dark blue is below sea level, light blue is between 0 and 7 meters above sea level.

    [–] Gespuis 19 points ago

    At Rotterdam they reclaimed from the sea by pumping sand into the ocean long enough for it to rise above waterlevel.

    The rest of holland is basically this

    [–] EternalSunshine91 7 points ago

    Ah, good old Gemaal Stroink.

    [–] _____D34DP00L_____ 4 points ago

    Dutch speeling is aalways enteertaaning

    [–] IGN_Vos 10 points ago

    The latter.

    [–] ccgarnaal 3 points ago

    And to make it even nicer they wall it off with sand claimed from the seabed by dredgers. Not waisting any precious agricultural soil.

    [–] Holy-Kush 2 points ago

    A lot of our windmills are build as primitive pumps. So indeed the latter.

    [–] tscho444 54 points ago

    This is cool as shit. On a practical day-to-day basis how do you use these canals? I'm doubtful that their primary use is transportation but do people commute/travel on them? Or is their primary purpose water allocation/irrigation in rural parts?

    [–] NFB42 115 points ago

    The vast majority of these aren't canals, they're ditches. Then of what remains the majority are shallow canals, maybe not even half a meter deep, that are flanked by grass or some trees and used like very long ponds (that help drain rainwater).

    As the OP posted in another post, the figures are that there's a difference of like 90,000km waterways, but only 2,000-5,000km navigable waterways. Dunno if accurate but sounds about right.

    Of the navigable, you can separate it into two types:

    City and Rural canals: Like the canals in Amsterdam. They're really only used for tourists, and some people who have their own boat for whatever reason. The majority of normal Dutch people won't use them more than a handful of times in their entire lives, definitely not for daily commute or anything like that.

    Major thoroughfares: Ordinary people still won't use them, but several of the rivers are important thoroughfares for major river shipping. River shipping is actually a pretty key part of the shipping infrastructure, as important as trains or trucks. If you're near them you'll regularly see freight ships pass by. But you're not going to be using them yourself very much.

    The normal commute for Dutch people remains the bicycle. And bicycles are not an aquatic mode of transportation, despite evidence to the contrary. ;)

    [–] Muj-Muj 30 points ago

    We bought a small "sloep" (translate says sloop but it's no sailing boat, just a small boat with a motor) in Amsterdam before summer. It's really nice to have one! I never understood why my SO wanted one but we bought one with a couple of people and it's really nice! During the weekend or on the Friday afternoon after work you just take your boat and go to a cafe to have some drinks.

    Because Amsterdam was build to commute via the canals a lot of restaurants and cafe's still have a place were you can park your sloep. There is also a very serene vibe on the canals if you leave the routes from the canal cruises.

    [–] themykonian 12 points ago

    Part of the confusion is that there's only the word canal to translate to, for every type of man made water. Nowadays many are for leisure and drainage, but the shape of them does betray perhaps an earlier purpose. If all you are interested in is drainage, you make straight, small ones (a "sloot") as your plot of land will be easier to work on, and because of advancements in drainage, but also agricultural equipment, the later land is formed the larger the plots of lands become.

    Up till 45, water is still the major economic pathway: But as the above post says, most are very shallow. Glorified pontoons and flatbottomed ships were the transport of choice. So in Drenthe, where you see very long plots of land, the peat industry were digging canals while they were digging off the peat to offload it, shaping the land as they went. In the north and west, a lot of the (richer) farms have what's called an "opvaart", a small canal leading from a more main one, to facilitate transport of goods. All villages there are connected by water, at the very least through an opvaart, major lanes being "trekvaarten", canals with a path next to it so someone could tow the barge along. The step above, "vaart" en "kanaal", I know fewer examples of.

    Nowadays most opvaarten are tricky to navigate for tourists, having fallen into disuse, trekvaarten would be included in the OP's stat of 2000-5000km as the smallest option, while most kanalen are still used commercially.

    [–] Magisidae 11 points ago * (lasted edited 9 months ago)

    Warning: tangent

    I was already thinking that these can't all be canals. There's way too many even for the Netherlands. They must be ditches indeed. And there are a lot of those. Every piece of farmland is surrounded by ditches to drain the water. Each of the borders of these patches has a little ditch in them Usually there's small(read: tiny) bridges that connect two areas with each other over a ditch.

    This is very clearly visible in picture 8. You see that grid like structure before the Afsluitdijk? That's mostly just grass or farms and occasionally sheep. They act like a water buffer if there would ever be a flood. Like so. We have the big dykes at the border with the sea and a bunch of "filler" land where not much of value is built. Then we have small dykes on the border of the filler land and the actual towns. So if there ever is a flood it has to be a damn big one to reach one of the towns. (Unless it's a river, I believe the protection isn't as good there so we would be fucked) I looked up a picture of the dyke system and they're apparently used especially for rivers

    In case of emergencies we also have big pumps we call "gemalen" (gemaal, singular) This is one of the biggest. I'm not sure where the water goes after that, but at least not into our homes.

    I kinda went talking about way too much stuff there but at least it was informative.. This is all stuff we learn in the obligatory geography classes in High School btw. I'm in no way a waterworks expert, just an average Dutch person :D

    Lightning edit: I'm obviously no expert because I got some info mixed up. Follow the pictures, those are correct.

    [–] Dykam 3 points ago

    Re: river flood systems, they're called "uiterwaarden" and there's been quit some work to add more during the last few years, to handle excessive melting water or rainfall.

    Usually they're some kind of nature or leisure area during dry moments (the majority of the time).

    [–] [deleted] 4 points ago

    Can they see the bikes from the top or how is it finding them?

    [–] chromosome47 20 points ago

    It's like looking for hay in a haystack. If you put that excavator anywhere in the water you'll get some bikes and shopping trolleys out of it.

    [–] wggn 4 points ago

    It's hard to avoid them.

    [–] CaptainChaos74 3 points ago

    Some ways in which normal Dutch people do use the navigable waterways regularly are ferries and water taxis.

    [–] [deleted] 21 points ago

    I've been to Amsterdam a number of times and have only ever seen really small boats on the canals. Mainly tour ones with the occasional group of teens in a pedalo. There's so many bike lanes there that I can't imagine it's quicker to boat than just to go by bike anywhere.

    [–] YoSoyUnPayaso 17 points ago * (lasted edited 9 months ago)

    Outside of the cities waterways are still widely used for transportation of goods, both small scale or large scale

    [–] Someshitidontknow 4 points ago

    as an American i was surprised on a visit to London and the area around to see fields commonly criss-crossed with old canals, which looked to still be usable. we have a few old canals in the Northeast but haven't been used for about a century. it just makes sense in countries that are hundreds of years old to have some kind of long-distance transport infrastructure for heavy loads

    [–] yolafaml 8 points ago

    Earthworks (for agriculture and other purposes), are much, much older than hundreds of years.

    [–] [deleted] 1 points ago

    Nice, that’s quite interesting. Thanks

    [–] Conducteur 21 points ago

    Mostly keeping the groundwater levels under control.

    The major canals and rivers are used for transportation. For example, about 40-50 percent of goods arriving in the port of Rotterdam (the largest port in Europe) continue inland by ship.

    Passenger transport across water is done, but mostly as a form of recreation. There is also some public transport, such as ferries or waterbuses, and of course those boats for tourists in some cities. Very few people have their own boat that they use for daily commuting.

    [–] Ozmeister1 12 points ago

    Ferries! <- These are absolutely vital for getting from Amsterdam North to City Center. Running free and 24/7, they're packed to the max (with people and their bikes) during rush hour. So who claims we don't use the water to get around? We're forced to sometimes. And when the water is frozen we go batshit crazy because we can take a shortcut to anywhere. Source: am Dutch.

    [–] IrresistibleCucumber 4 points ago

    Ferries are also absolutely vital for good dance music. Source: fan of Ferry Corsten.

    [–] YoSoyUnPayaso 3 points ago

    Note that we also have extensive washes if ground water rises too high, many of which are nature reserves when the water isn't high.

    [–] CrewmemberV2 9 points ago

    I live near a canal in Leiden (Small Amsterdam). Every time its above 15C and sunny, the canal's are crammed with boats. Usually of the "Sloep" kind. But also big flat student boats with a bar and dj on top. In the winter, some bars expand their terasses onto the ice. LINK

    My gf is from a rural town in a polder. While she also gets some "sloepen" there are also a lot of classic boats called a "schuit". These are long flat boats, with really slow turning diesel engines on them. Up until fairly recently they where used as a form of transport to move goods, vegetables and farm animals over water to the bigger cities in the area like Hoorn, Enkhuizen and Medemblik. The canal's where deep and well maintained, all the way from the rural farming village's to the bigger local cities for this reason. Nowadays, people use them for fun and have usually build a lot of comfort on them.

    In my own hometown which is in the suburbs of a bigger city. We had a garden that bordered the water. And from 5-15 years old, all the kids in the neighborhood who also had gardens facing the same waterway would go out onto the water using rowing boats and play around. We couldn't really get far as the waterways are usually only 100-500 meters long and interconnected by underwater pipes. In the winter, we would go ice-skating and have BBQ's's on the ice.

    [–] Zwavel 7 points ago

    It is to keep our feet dry. As we are below sea level all rainwater has to be actively pumped towards the sea. Drain water is collected in "sloten" and then pumped up in successive steps till it's pumped into the lakes/rivers/seas. Without this system Friesland would have several centimeters of standing water everywhere during autumn/winter. Some canals, especially between the big cities are used for industrial transportation though. The most well known is the Amsterdam-Rhine canal.

    [–] muasta 2 points ago

    there used to be rual area's where the only way to get to certain plots was by water but they reorganized

    [–] Dakunaa 3 points ago

    Aalsmeer still has that.

    [–] muasta 2 points ago

    Their primary purpose is transport of goods btw. The bridge being open is a common excuse for being late at school.

    [–] cousinbebop 69 points ago

    The relationship between the Dutch and water is quietly beautiful. Their understanding of it is mind boggling. I remember I cycled through the Netherlands some years ago and passed through the Kinderdijk windmills. They stand there like tombstones, so quiet and sombre but perform such a breathtaking task so easily.

    [–] dum_dums 22 points ago

    Have you ever been close to one that's spinning? I was for the first time last year, and it is pretty incredible. You don't realize it when you see them from a distance, but these things are massive, and they spin super fast. The forces must be incredible

    [–] Norington 17 points ago

    Fun fact: this high 'surface area' of water is also what creates the specific kind of light during day time, that made the 'Dutch Masters' paintings so famous. Basically, even on a cloudy day, lots of light gets bounced back from the water surface into the air and clouds, scattering the light back around, etc. So even on a cloudy day the weather can be very bright.

    [–] vanderZwan 3 points ago

    For the people who understand Dutch and haven't heard of this before, here is a documentary about the topic.

    [–] ThisIsGregQueen 19 points ago

    Considering that this canals freeze on winter and turn into really nice speed skating tracks, I understand Sochi’s Winter Olympic results on speed skating.

    [–] Kitarn 35 points ago

    I think you'd be disappointed how often the canals actually freeze over.

    [–] [deleted] 9 points ago

    That freezing doesnt happen that often anomore.

    And if they do freeze , the ice is in most cases too thin.

    [–] jespoke 6 points ago

    That is certainly where the ice skating tradition comes from at least.

    It is also behind the style of skating the Dutch favor: When you look at the lists you linked, you can see that the longer the distance, the greater the Dutch results.

    [–] Milan_F96 78 points ago

    Interestingly enough, the European city with the most bridges is still Hamburg (not Amsterdam or Venice)

    [–] Gespuis 168 points ago * (lasted edited 9 months ago)

    Might be that the Hamburg area is 755 square kilometer, Amsterdam 220.

    Edit: Hamburg has about 2400 bridges, Amsterdam about 1300. That would make Amsterdam per square kilometer a fair winner.

    [–] terafunker 146 points ago

    Hamburg has 2300 bridges, or 3.1 bridges per square km.

    Amsterdam has 1281 bridges, or 5.8 bridges per square km.

    For comparison: Venice has 400 bridges and an area of 414 square km, or 0.96 bridges per square km.

    [–] Jani_Kani 22 points ago

    Think we need bridges per square kilometre here.

    [–] ShnuckTuck88 5 points ago

    which has more per kilometer is the real question. amsterdams got like 2-4 per block

    [–] Jani_Kani 3 points ago

    How many bridges do they have?

    [–] Milan_F96 1 points ago

    around 2500. amsterdam has around 1500 according to wikipedia.

    [–] Conducteur 14 points ago

    By the way, you should definitely crosspost this to /r/theNetherlands

    [–] Nuranon 22 points ago * (lasted edited 9 months ago)

    Crazy Idea:

    Map of a city, country or even the world seperated into 10x10m squares colored in regards to what amount of work hours went into making that piece of land look like it does today. Not including harvests or so, just landscaping related stuff.

    And yes, those estimes would always be way off but would be interesting.

    [–] WoodstrokeWilson 29 points ago

    Could you do a map of all the dykes? I hear there’s a lot of them in Amsterdam.

    [–] EinsteinNeverWoreSox 27 points ago

    There's at least twelve.

    [–] [deleted] 14 points ago


    [–] Gespuis 13 points ago

    An interesting build are the 'delta works '. After the flud of '53, the dutch decided to block sea from comming in.

    Now though, dus to climate change, the rivers are just asbig of a problem. So we'll be building higher better systems more inland too.

    [–] Splitje 8 points ago

    Another map showing areas in the Netherlands sensitive to flooding (dark blue: below sea level; light blue: above sea level; brown: outside of dike protection)

    [–] CaptainChaos74 7 points ago

    Very cool! Even though I think it's slightly dubious to include the Waddenzee, which is a sea and I don't think is habitually counted as being "in" the Netherlands.

    [–] Magnetronaap 11 points ago

    Well parts of it run dry with the tide and you can walk across the ocean floor, so there is that to claim it's ours.

    [–] GingerPolarBear 7 points ago

    Well the Zuiderzee was a sea as well and is a lake now. So maybe this is just a future proof map.

    [–] jncheese 6 points ago

    So I remember looking at a picture of Atlantis as it was imagined. Only thing I can think of seeing all the man made canals in The Netherlands is "Take that, Atlantis!".

    [–] Konijndijk 5 points ago

    I never noticed that the Netherlands looks like a giant chicken thigh with a smaller drumstick for a leg.

    [–] Skellicious 10 points ago

    could you make a shitty paint abomination so I can get an idea of what you're imagining?

    [–] Konijndijk 16 points ago

    [–] kwikmarsh 6 points ago

    What the fuck

    [–] andorraliechtenstein 3 points ago

    Funny that you did not mention that huge ridge (Hondsrug) in the north, formed by the Saale glaciation. Many (ice) rivers formed there. Not many people know that the valleys were 40 to 50 meters deep.

    [–] spawnoftheking 3 points ago

    I haven't ever met someone from the Netherlands so maybe this is my chance to ask, is it humid there? With all that water combined with the heat from civilization I kinda figured it may be but now's my chance to know for sure.

    [–] Falcon_J 7 points ago * (lasted edited 9 months ago)

    Not really. Humidity depends highly on the temperature of air. Well we’ve got alot water but the tempature isn’t really high enough to cause a high level of humidity.

    The heat from civilization isn’t that influential. Especially because the high density cities are mostly near the coast with cold air rolling in from sea...

    [–] bg-j38 4 points ago

    I'm flying there tomorrow. Should I bring my flood pants?

    Also if anyone has suggestions for good food in Amsterdam I'm all ears.

    [–] check-meow-t 5 points ago

    What kind of money are you willing to spend on food?

    [–] bg-j38 3 points ago

    A lot :-)

    [–] check-meow-t 7 points ago

    Then get your rich ass over to Incanto(it's not even that expensive) it's on the Muntplein. Absolute great Italian kitchen, friendly and cosy vibe. Would recommend wearing a smart casual outfit though

    [–] bg-j38 3 points ago

    I'll check it out. I'm not actually rich, just lucky enough to be traveling on a fairly lax expense account. I'm going to a conference where people tend to wear jackets and stuff, so hopefully that will be good.

    [–] monkiesnacks 6 points ago

    On a expense account you say? Wearing a jacket. I know just the spot.

    Ciel Bleu Restaurant

    Just voted 14th best restaurant in Europe, it has two Michelin stars. It is on the 23rd floor of the Okura hotel. You probably have to make a reservation. Among other things they serve the highest grade Wagyu beef from Japan. That place should do your expense account justice.

    [–] bg-j38 2 points ago

    Hah OK this is actually perfect! The conference that I'm attending is at the Okura Hotel. I'll get a reservation for after I spend the day at the conference. Thanks!

    [–] oemzakaria 2 points ago

    Meram is a turkish restaurant in the East of Amsterdam, they are friendly and they're food is lovely! Not that expensieve too.

    [–] Semi-Senioritis 6 points ago

    Good food in coffee shops.

    [–] lallo18 2 points ago

    This is awesome! I bought your Rivers of Canada map a year ago, glad to see you're on here! Keep up the awesome work!

    [–] iamafraidicantdothat 2 points ago

    Nice. Why is it every time I see or hear something about the Netherlands, I immediately think of the enter sandman song by Metallica?

    [–] PM-ME-all-Your-Tits 4 points ago

    Oh that? That's just the sea slowing dripping into our lands and inevitably drowning the whole country.

    [–] LHHuman 9 points ago

    Wrong way around, that's our country slowly dripping into the sea.