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    [–] Insects could vanish within a century at current rate of decline, says global review Rock_Whisperer 59 points ago in science

    Unfortunately if you're an American, there will be plenty of Asian Longhorned tick in your backyard.

    [–] Evidence of Paleozoic Ice Age Found in Namibia Rock_Whisperer 2 points ago in geology

    Original Source Article: G.D. Andrews et al. 2019. First description of subglacial megalineations from the late Paleozoic ice age in southern Africa. PLoS ONE 14 (1): e0210673; doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0210673

    [–] Why record job growth in America hides a troubling reality — High employment rates gloss over a ‘much more complicated story’ of stagnant wages and vanishing mid-level jobs Rock_Whisperer 13 points ago in politics

    The mom and pop shops might not have paid well either, but it's the growing monopsony in most industries that's stifling the competitiveness of wages. While yes, they are not cutthroat efficient, there's something to be said of the identity these shops provide to a community if they excel at their trade.

    [–] Impact on aviation contributed to movement on shutdown negotiations Rock_Whisperer 4 points ago in politics

    It took a noticeable hit to air traffic commerce to end the shutdown, not food lines of federal employees and stories of rationing medicine. This is disgusting and one of the greatest displays of apathy.

    [–] Study: Ohio drivers among the worst in US Rock_Whisperer 2 points ago in Columbus

    How is New York or Tennessee not in the top 10?! This is all kinds of messed up. Where I live now is very low on that list but my insurance is very high because of higher the risk of accident and number of uninsured drivers.

    [–] The Government is reopening. Rock_Whisperer 3 points ago in politics

    I don't think he's opposed to a declaration of emergency. It's the authoritative solution that you'd expect of the people he adores such as Erdogen. It's probably his cabinet that understand how bad of precident it sets and are discouraging him from enacting a statr of emergency.

    Edit: Grammer

    [–] Poll shows 25 percent view McConnell favorably, lowest among leaders in survey Rock_Whisperer 13 points ago in politics

    It'll never elect a democrat as senator you mean. I wish people understood that there's a deep blue pocket in Louisville that consistently votes blue and sends a representative. People in Louisville are largely in agreement with the rest of the country on Mitch and every time he visits the city he faces fierce protests and is heckled.

    [–] Not Yet a Strike But a 'Work Stoppage Nonetheless': Unpaid TSA Agents Calling Out at Unsustainable Rates - "At some point TSA workers won't be able to afford childcare to come to work, and they'll have to look for other jobs." Rock_Whisperer 2 points ago in politics

    5 U.S.C. § 7311:

    "An individual may not accept or hold a position in the Government of the United States or the government of the District of Columbia if he—...

    (3) participates in a strike, or asserts the right to strike, against the Government of the United States or the government of the District of Columbia; or

    (4) is a member of an organization of employees of the Government of the United States or of individuals employed by the government of the District of Columbia that he knows asserts the right to strike against the Government of the United States or the government of the District of Columbia."

    [–] Whatcha lookin at human? Rock_Whisperer 2 points ago in aww

    Had a buddy's sandwich taken out out of his bag on the ground, had the sandwich bag removed, and eaten by a black bear 50 feet in front of us. Black bears are very skittish and really do scavenge most of the time. Was scared more of moose than anything in my time in bear country.

    [–] TIL The Scottish Highlands, and Appalachian Mountains in the Eastern US are a part of the same mountain chain Rock_Whisperer 4 points ago * (lasted edited a month ago) in todayilearned

    I delved more into the topic and found a much more extensive article by the same author. He posits that the Precordillera was a marginal plateau that developed south of the Ouchita margin and that "crustal thinning during the Early Cambrian is indicated by the redbeds and evaporites of the Cerro Totora Formation." He also posits that in the Cambrian, it had become its own microplate despite subsequent sea level change and subsidence of peripheral margins of the Taconic orogenic belt being evident in the Precordillera. It is not wrong to say that Appalachian and Precordillan terrane were intimately connected, it is just that the region was already rifting away during the Taconic orogeny and never exhibits compressional features until the late Silurian/Devonian when it collides with Gondwana, well after development of a fault scarp in the early Silurian.

    Tl;dr: The Precordillera separated from North America (Texas particularly) before colliding with Gondwana (what included South America). While the collision is of Appalachian mountain building age, it was its own mini-plate and would have drifted off to sea if not for Gondwana being in the way.

    Edit: Few revisions for clarity

    [–] TIL The Scottish Highlands, and Appalachian Mountains in the Eastern US are a part of the same mountain chain Rock_Whisperer 5 points ago * (lasted edited a month ago) in todayilearned

    I cannot say ive read much about the the Argentine Precordilla, but my cursory search just now says it rifted off of North America during the Ordovician before the onset of even the Taconic orogeny in New England. The best paper I could find on the topic is this.

    Edit; If you have any contradictory resources, please share! That would be very interesting.

    Edit2: Further investigating on my own part supports what I said, more details can be found in replies to this comment thread. Geology rocks!

    [–] TIL The Scottish Highlands, and Appalachian Mountains in the Eastern US are a part of the same mountain chain Rock_Whisperer 57 points ago * (lasted edited a month ago) in todayilearned

    Also the tallest parts of thr mountain range were where the coast line exists today. It sounds counter intuitive, but that area sank after seperation of supercontinent Pangeae from extensional (pulling apart) forces. Much of the Appalachian range consists of sediment eroded from the highest regions in what are called clastic wedges. To talk about even crazier stuff, there was another collision along the same area over a billion years ago during the formation of the sparsely talked about supercontinent Rodinia.

    Edit: Link to a map of the wedges I'm talking about. Here is a map of the North American extent of that ancient mountain building event.

    Edit2: I forgot to mention that Florida before the collision of Africa and North America (Atlas range of Africa was involved in this Appalachian madness too) was attached to Africa and only left behind after seperation of Pangea.

    Edit3: To highlight the marriage of Florida with the rest of America during the Appalachian mountain building process, there is a distinct change in the magnetism of the rock below where Florida was smashed onto America. It is called the Brunswick Magnetic Anomoly (BMA) and can be seen in this map by the dashed lines.

    [–] Should federal workers walk off the job? Rock_Whisperer 4 points ago in politics

    That was mentuined by Trump as a way to fund the wall, but that's not how it works. The TSA and every other furloughed worker (except contractors) are going to get backpay. Trump recently signed the bill assuring backpay.

    [–] It’s Time for T.S.A. Workers to Strike Rock_Whisperer 21 points ago in politics

    If you are a defense contractor or work in a high position within the DoD, you are paid well; otherwise, federal employees are paid below private sector equivelants. Within the subset of people paid on the general schedule (civilian pay scale system), those with a GED are paid quite well for their education. The more education and demanding of skillset you have, the worse the pay differential is with private sector. To compound this issue, the continuous pay raises below inflation and pay freezes every year are reducing people's purchasing power.

    What your grandmother is quoting is also a heavily skewed average comparison. Most employees reside in the DC metro area where you are given a large locality pay bumb (think its like 30% even though statistics say it should be around 80%, don't quote me). Most private sector workers reside in lower cost of living areas outside of DC and so comparing average salaries is apples and oranges. Pay is actually a major point of contention and reason for turnover. Two of my friends were on the general pay scale and ended up leaving because of poor pay. You may argue that the benefits and retirement pension are worth the low wages but consider the stress of never having savings.

    [–] Is there an app to help me identify rocks and minerals? Rock_Whisperer 5 points ago in geology

    The applications out there are not very good and are limited by the plethora of rock types. To make things worse, many igneous rocks require laboratory analysis to further pinpoint identification. I would start with surficial geologic maps to pinpoint what's at your feet.

    [–] Getting a geological hammer. Rock_Whisperer 4 points ago * (lasted edited a month ago) in geology

    I cannot preface enough on having a tight belt that won't sag. The more the hammer dangles away from the waist, the more it will discomfort you. Use other holstered tools like a Brunton or bear spray on the other side of the waist to counteract the weight.

    Edit: Don't forget safety glasses/sunglasses. Shards of rock flying into the eyes is a dumb way to blind yourself.

    [–] Getting a geological hammer. Rock_Whisperer 12 points ago * (lasted edited a month ago) in geology

    Estwing's lightweight rock hammer. So many people were jelly of mine because the heavier ones aren't much more effective and really cause hip pain after a full day of fieldwork.

    Edit: Don't forget to get a good holster and a paratrooper style hip belt to keep it on tight. Speaking from experience...

    [–] Democrats pledge to paralyze Senate as shutdown negotiation tactic Rock_Whisperer -73 points ago in politics

    I'm going to be downvoted for this, but no, people elected politicians to do their job, not obstruct by sitting on their hands. The house has done their job of passsing the hot potato over to the senate with a clean continuing resolution, and sitting around not doing anything between comittee meetings is just as much a waste as the federal employees not being allowed to their own jobs. I say lead through action and good stewardship, not overt partisanship.

    [–] This Is Now the Third-Longest Government Shutdown in U.S. History Rock_Whisperer 2 points ago in politics

    And the deadline for that missing check is tomorrow at midnight (between Tuesday and Wednesday).

    [–] Server issues aside.. Rock_Whisperer 5 points ago in Planetside

    NC is hard mode for new players and its a shame they the most attractive faction to them. Those high damage, high recoil weapons are not something anybody should start off with. Plus, the VS and TR attract more veterans and thus have more coordination. I used to main NC and switched out of frustration with how uncoordinated they were.

    [–] What's a really important piece of news that flew under the radar and unnoticed? Rock_Whisperer 144 points ago in AskReddit

    It will become increasingly more difficult to raise and allocate resources to support rural communities. While some rural communites will remain stable and possibly grow, particularly those rich in desirable natural resources (timber, gas, oil, ect.), many communties will experience a loss of population and tax base. That loss will only compound issues of a deteriorating water and road infrasture system already past its expected life cycle. Lastly, the political landscape will change such that politicians cannot depend upon rural voters to carry them through elections (much in the way the evangelical vote has declined), so it will make sense for politicians to cater to the urban majority.