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    [–] MIT apologises for accepting $800,000 in donations from Jeffrey Epstein VWVVWVVV 1 points ago in news

    Based on your input, I looked into Sanger. From this source, she states:

    . . . keep the doors of Immigration closed to the entrance of certain aliens whose condition is known to be detrimental to the stamina of the race, such as feeble-minded, idiots, morons, insane, syphiletic, epileptic, criminal, professional prostitutes, and others in this class . . . apply a stern and rigid policy of sterilization, and segregation to that grade of population whose progeny is already tainted or whose inheritance is such that objectionable traits may be transmitted to offspring. (Jan. 17, 1932 [LCM 130:198].)

    Her (unscientific) criteria of defective people that should be sterilized include morality and mental characteristics. IMO I'd consider many leaders of countries to fall under this criteria.

    Eugenics presumes an understanding of human evolution (both from a scientific and philosophical perspective), which we are so far away from understanding even today. Even the idea of controlling genetics is potentially counter to the robustness and survival of human species because it's effort is to actually reduce diversity. Diversity is a mechanism to protect against future modes of attack and is an ongoing research topic.

    My views are encompassed by the following article that has a contextual description of eugenics:

    Other fans at various times were Nobelist Linus Pauling, Winston Churchill, Maynard Keynes, and vegetarian dog-lover Adolf Hitler. What was this widely accepted scientific theory? The theory was of course eugenics, and it wasn't just science; it also came with a moral imperative: the importance of “improving the race.”

    Like any scientific theory offered as a reason for action, eugenics has two parts. The science: Selective breeding works as well with humans as it has with dogs, cats, and goldfish. True. And the faith: The human race needs to be improved. And we know what's wrong and how to fix it. True? Maybe for some, but not for others.

    Belief in the “faith” part of this theory impelled the state to actions like compulsory sterilization, which are now utterly deplored by the very same class that years ago embraced them. The North Carolina Eugenics Board (one among many in several states), which oversaw enforced sterilization of criminals and the mentally ill, remained in operation until 1977. But the laws that authorized it were not repealed until 2003 (Eugenics Board of North Carolina, n.d.). We're not talking ancient history here.

    [–] 38% of the US still have a positive approval of Trump. Can you all give your own explanation and reasoning to why? VWVVWVVV 1 points ago in Ask_Politics

    Inertia plays a large role in economic polcies and people generally associate immediate effects with politicians instead of seeing the longer term effects. If you look at any measure of the economy, after the disaster from Bush, Obama's administration turned it around, e.g., unemployment rate taken from BLS. From the longer-term trends, you could also observe the current slow-down in manufacturing and unemployment.

    In any case, the wealthy part of the 38% makes sense since they actually get wealthier in the long term with Republican policies that in general tend to minimize labor rights and to maximize owner return.

    I'd like to know what the long-term thinking is for laborers voting for Trump.

    [–] Manufacturing sector contracts for the first time in nearly a decade VWVVWVVV 2 points ago in news

    You can get the data directly from BLS instead of quoting some opinion article by a Republican hack.

    [–] California High-School Students Sang Nazi Song and Gave Hitler Salute VWVVWVVV 1 points ago in news

    Exploitation is not inherently right or wrong because morality/ethics emerge from a value system developed through an individual's societal conditioning. Society typically has a right and wrong according to norms that will change over time.

    That said, an individual who exploits will likely face additional mental issues relative to a person who does not because of the additional variables they need to control to avoid future suffering. That's up to the intelligence of the individual whether they want to continue to exploit others and incur a mental burden. Some people are stupid and are willing to hurt themselves (and others) to "get ahead."

    The idea of getting ahead is an illusion considering everyone finally dies whether you're virtuous or a villain, so the accumulated virtue or loot is meaningless. The illusion of control makes us act in stupid ways. In any case, you will do what is in your nature to do, which may be to annihilate exploitative people and exploitative people will continue to exploit. It's a game that nature plays without any sense of right or wrong.

    I don't think there's any way to convince an exploitative person unless the person realizes how stupid it is. Usually, they think the opposite, i.e., they're clever exploiting other people to accumulate wealth (or garner some fleeting "advantage").

    [–] California High-School Students Sang Nazi Song and Gave Hitler Salute VWVVWVVV 3 points ago in news

    People susceptible to influence by social media tend to believe something through associative logic, e.g., the arguments sounds right because it has a large number of "sources," lots of people like me agreed with it, etc. For example, see this Rand article on propaganda.

    The critical thinking process has to go beyond associative logic, e.g., identifying and testing the underlying assumptions in arguments, testing conclusions (with a wider subset of data), etc. Each of these tasks involves earnest effort to seek out additional viewpoints through critical reading and experimentation.

    However, this typically doesn't happen because many people are simply not interested in finding the truth, but just an "approximation" of one that simultaneously satisfies their feelings. Regarding the exploitation of animals, people may derive all sorts of justifications to become desensitized to the suffering of animals. Ultimately their actions are not necessarily derived from this reasoning, but primarily from their emotions at the time, e.g., hunger for animals (a form of opportunism).

    To the individual, what feels wrong is likely that which causes them mental pain and suffering. There are short-term and long-term implications when an individual engages in exploitation. In general, they may not be aware of the longer-term implications of exploitation on their mental well-being. For example, an exploitative person may succeed in exploiting without incurring any pain in a few cases, however eventually they may face situations that end up hurting them. Through these experiences, they may incur continuous mental suffering through worrying about avoiding pain from past & current exploits.

    Regarding animal exploitation, the mental effects are subtle in that the same attitude (opportunism) is could leak into others areas of our lives to cause problems.

    [–] American With No Medical Training Ran Center For Malnourished Ugandan Kids. 105 Died VWVVWVVV 2 points ago in Foodforthought

    The accusation is implicit in calling her untrained. I'm sure in a trial it would be made explicit by showing she's incapable of distinguishing critical context from available patient information.

    There are no "concrete statistics" to derive any reasonable conclusion regarding the effectiveness of her methods or clinic. For that we would need to conduct a double-blind (unethical) experiment with a large sample size using her clinical techniques, medically trained professionals and perhaps a placebo.

    We have no idea how her patients were selected, what their characteristics are (e.g., mortality risk), etc. Without that information available in a manner that could be independently validated, you cannot make any grand conclusions.

    This is also how poor, vulnerable people are exploited by quacks (in the guise of helping people). If she truly cared & respected for her "patients," she would have taken the time to determine her ignorance with proper medical training (not youtube videos FFS).

    This is why the Hippocratic oath is so important for doctors: first, do no harm. That entails a lot of scientific understanding and experimentation prior to medical practice.

    [–] American With No Medical Training Ran Center For Malnourished Ugandan Kids. 105 Died VWVVWVVV 7 points ago in Foodforthought

    More children survived than if she had done nothing.

    That has yet to be proven. And it cannot be proven precisely because there are no experimental controls. This is the whole idea of having scientifically trained experts to deal with health issues, i.e., doctors.

    [–] To what degree does economics overlap with sociology? VWVVWVVV 1 points ago in AskSocialScience

    From a systems perspective, could economics be considered the study of the signals (e.g., measures of the flow of goods and services) resulting from societal behavior/systems studied in sociology?

    [–] Utah State University sued over Malaysian PhD student's suicide after months of racist abuse. VWVVWVVV 1 points ago in news

    In a way, it's even worse, i.e., Native Americans espousing racist ideologies. The supervising professor involved is a Native American whose focus is:

    Her research has focused on bias/prejudice/racism, health disparities, and domestic violence and other trauma experienced by ethnic and racial minorities, especially American Indians.

    From a previous comment, the two alleged bullies in the lawsuit are also Native American. One of the alleged bullies is the daughter of the president of a Native American psychology organization (SIP). Both bullies are alleged to have a special relationship with the professor/department relative to the bullied student, e.g., here are some group photos of the people involved in the lawsuit.

    [–] Utah State student reported she was being bullied before her suicide — but staff didn’t respond, lawsuit alleges VWVVWVVV 2 points ago in news

    They only have the power that you give them.

    That's not necessarily true. Bullies derive additional power when they are aided by peers/supervisors (either deliberately or through inaction), and the victim ends up being blackballed by the community when they finally make a misstep somewhere. In fact, in this case, one of the professors was making the case for expelling the victim of bullying.

    It takes enormous inner strength to overcome such adversity, even if you had the finances to do it. She was neither rich nor close to her family for moral support.

    [–] Utah State Student Jerusha Sanjeevi Suffered Months of Racist Attacks—and the School Did Nothing, Suit Claims VWVVWVVV 27 points ago in news

    Since we're speculating as to the underlying causes, it probably has more to do with cronyism and nepotism, e.g., one of the bullies being the daughter of the president of an influential organization (SIP) relative to the psychology department. Corruption tends to lead to discriminatory practices because there's little to justify the selection process.

    [–] Utah State student reported she was being bullied before her suicide — but staff didn’t respond, lawsuit alleges VWVVWVVV 16 points ago in news

    But the professor named in the lawsuit is Native American, not Mormon. Tragically, one of her specialties apparently is:

    Her research has focused on bias/prejudice/racism, health disparities, and domestic violence and other trauma experienced by ethnic and racial minorities, especially American Indians.

    [–] How to move files from many folders to one place & rename it all? VWVVWVVV 1 points ago in AskProgramming

    On a mac, you have many options:

    • Automator app (you could even shell scripts)
    • shell script: bash, etc.
    • python, ruby, etc. (macs have these pre-installed I think, if not use HomeBrew)

    StackOverflow should answer any specific questions regarding matching filenames with string patterns using specific languages, e.g., https://stackoverflow.com/questions/55855922/python-renaming-file-with-regex

    [–] Stop writing "smart" code VWVVWVVV 2 points ago in programming

    One assumption here is that buffer is a char array. It could be a struct with some memory structure whose single byte that needs to be changed is stored some intn->bv.len offset away relative to the struct. A union may make it clearer what is being changed. However, I'm not sure if the compiler would generate the same assembly code.

    [–] Are Republican claims of bias in Mueller’s report and his team justified? VWVVWVVV 1 points ago in PoliticalDiscussion

    I see. Polarization is an ongoing discussion topic in the media, where they simultaneously foment division. Division provides clear exploitable markets.

    [–] US infrastructure unprepared for increasing frequency of extreme storms VWVVWVVV 2 points ago in science

    Maintenance is not unnecessary work and is often the source of innovation / technological progress. New opportunities are developed as infrastructure gets upgraded with potentially new functionality, e.g., improved communication infrastructure, structural health monitoring, etc.

    [–] Are Republican claims of bias in Mueller’s report and his team justified? VWVVWVVV 2 points ago in PoliticalDiscussion

    I haven't heard of any Democrat conspiracy theories. Do you have you could share? I'm curious.

    [–] What are the objections to a merit based immigration system? VWVVWVVV 3 points ago in PoliticalDiscussion

    If there is a maximum, I would use a fixed percentage from both categories (definitely not all high skilled labor). Existing Americans could be used more for high-skilled labor. We need better educational policies to ensure a steady supply of American high-skilled labor to meet the upcoming demand.

    Ultimately, I believe low-skilled immigrants to be hard-working and have the potential to generate enormous wealth through new entrepreneurship. To lose that opportunity by satisfying the demand of existing large corporations for immigrant high-skilled labor is IMO short-sighted.

    [–] The brains of people with excellent general knowledge are particularly efficiently wired, finds a new study by neuroscientists using a special form of MRI, which found that people with a very efficient fibre network had more general knowledge than those with less efficient structural networking. VWVVWVVV 3 points ago in science

    Thanks a lot for the explanation. So, the idea is to get an accurate spatial "snapshot" by rapidly interrogating different directions.

    The bidirectional dynamical systems view of the network is of course more sensible than a simple input-output system as in a computer. That's an area I'm totally fascinated by, i.e., how does the brain embed the understanding of how to ride a bicycle? I think it's a dynamical system embedding (in the space of signals and actuation) since that would be more efficient than trying memorize motion rules. Moreover, how do we transfer learning from a bicycle to other vehicles, etc.? This is why I'm in the time-scale component if it's ever possible one day to extract that data.

    Is there a paper or book describing the state-of-the-art that you could recommend in this area?

    [–] The brains of people with excellent general knowledge are particularly efficiently wired, finds a new study by neuroscientists using a special form of MRI, which found that people with a very efficient fibre network had more general knowledge than those with less efficient structural networking. VWVVWVVV 7 points ago in science

    Got it, thanks.

    They state they're using echo planar imaging using two time scales I'm unfamilliar with, i.e., TR = 7652 milliseconds, TE = 87 milliseconds. Is the rapid time scales just used for "averaging" to remove motion artifacts? Could it be used for extracting a time-scale? I'm curious since my background is in signal processing.

    So, they're weighting the edges with bandwidth, not velocity. If the information being transferred between nodes is not redundant, then increased bandwidth is effectively an increase in velocity. Is that correct?

    It just seems odd to use the word diffusion and not have a spatial AND time scale in the formulation of the metric.