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    [–] Aretha Franklin marinamaral 140 points ago * (lasted edited 3 days ago) in ColorizedHistory

    Aretha Louise Franklin (March 25, 1942 – August 16, 2018) was an American singer and songwriter. Franklin began her career as a child singing gospel at New Bethel Baptist Church in Detroit, where her father, C. L. Franklin, was minister. In 1960, at the age of 18, she embarked on a secular career, recording for Columbia Records but only achieving modest success. Following her signing to Atlantic Records in 1967, Franklin achieved commercial acclaim and success with songs such as "Respect", "(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman", "Spanish Harlem" and "Think". By the end of the 1960s she had gained the title "The Queen of Soul".

    Franklin eventually recorded a total of 112 charted singles on Billboard, including 77 Hot 100 entries, 17 top ten pop singles, 100 R&B entries and 20 number-one R&B singles, becoming the most charted female artist in the chart's history.

    Franklin also recorded acclaimed albums such as I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You, Lady Soul, Young, Gifted and Black and Amazing Grace before experiencing problems with her record company by the mid-1970s. After her father was shot in 1979, Franklin left Atlantic and signed with Arista Records, finding success with her part in the 1980 film The Blues Brothers and with the albums Jump to It (1982) and Who's Zoomin' Who? (1985).

    In 1998, Franklin won international acclaim for singing the opera aria "Nessun dorma", at the Grammys of that year replacing Luciano Pavarotti. Later that same year, she scored her final Top 40 recording with "A Rose Is Still a Rose".

    Franklin's other popular and well known hits include "Rock Steady", "Jump to It", "Freeway of Love", "Who's Zoomin' Who", "Chain Of Fools", "Until You Come Back to Me (That's What I'm Gonna Do)", "Something He Can Feel", "I Knew You Were Waiting (For Me)" (with George Michael), and a remake of The Rolling Stones song "Jumpin' Jack Flash".

    Franklin has won a total of 18 Grammy Awards and is one of the best-selling musical artists of all time, having sold over 75 million records worldwide.

    Franklin has been honored throughout her career including a 1987 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, in which she became the first female performer to be inducted. She was inducted to the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005. In August 2012, Franklin was inducted into the GMA Gospel Music Hall of Fame.

    Franklin is listed in at least two all-time lists on Rolling Stone magazine, including the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time, and the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time. She died at home today from complications of pancreatic cancer. - Wiki

    [–] Orville Wright flying a glider over the dunes of North Carolina, 1902. marinamaral 2 points ago in ColorizedHistory

    I probably have the wrong date here (I was reproducing the original caption I found on a website), but in the book we have the correct information.

    [–] Orville Wright flying a glider over the dunes of North Carolina, 1902. marinamaral 15 points ago * (lasted edited 5 days ago) in ColorizedHistory

    The first flight of the Wright brothers took place on December 17, 1903, while that of Santos Dumont took place on October 23, 1906. Determining who "invented" the airplane is a more complex matter because this is actually the product of several technological developments and improvements that were made over the years by several different people.

    [–] Orville Wright flying a glider over the dunes of North Carolina, 1902. marinamaral 3 points ago in ColorizedHistory

    They used a monorail for launches. The aircraft was pulled forward by a pulley which was connected to a weight which hung from a derrick. First the weight had to be pulled up, the pulley was run to the tip of the rail and back to the Flyer, and once the engine was running and the pilot in place, a helper released the weight and the pulley pulled the aircraft forward. Source

    [–] Orville Wright flying a glider over the dunes of North Carolina, 1902. marinamaral 9 points ago in ColorizedHistory

    This one was licensed from Getty images because it’s from my book, but we can usually find high res photos on websites of public libraries.

    [–] Orville Wright flying a glider over the dunes of North Carolina, 1902. marinamaral 45 points ago * (lasted edited 6 days ago) in ColorizedHistory

    This photo is from my book (already a The Times bestseller) The Colour of Time, - made in collaboration with historian Dan Jones. Please consider ordering it if you can. There are 199 other photos in there, all accompanied by Dan's brilliant narrative. If you have interest, here's the first official review. Thank you so much!


    The Wright brothers, Orville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912), were two American aviators, engineers, inventors, and aviation pioneers who are generally credited with inventing, building, and flying the world's first successful airplane. They made the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft on December 17, 1903, four miles south of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. In 1904–05 the brothers developed their flying machine into the first practical fixed-wing aircraft. Although not the first to build experimental aircraft, the Wright brothers were the first to invent aircraft controls that made fixed-wing powered flight possible.

    The brothers' fundamental breakthrough was their invention of three-axis control, which enabled the pilot to steer the aircraft effectively and to maintain its equilibrium. This method became and remains standard on fixed-wing aircraft of all kinds. From the beginning of their aeronautical work, the Wright brothers focused on developing a reliable method of pilot control as the key to solving "the flying problem". This approach differed significantly from other experimenters of the time who put more emphasis on developing powerful engines. Using a small homebuilt wind tunnel, the Wrights also collected more accurate data than any before, enabling them to design and build wings and propellers that were more efficient than any before. Their first U.S. patent, 821,393, did not claim invention of a flying machine, but rather, the invention of a system of aerodynamic control that manipulated a flying machine's surfaces.

    They gained the mechanical skills essential for their success by working for years in their shop with printing presses, bicycles, motors, and other machinery. Their work with bicycles in particular influenced their belief that an unstable vehicle like a flying machine could be controlled and balanced with practice. From 1900 until their first powered flights in late 1903, they conducted extensive glider tests that also developed their skills as pilots. Their bicycle shop employee Charlie Taylor became an important part of the team, building their first airplane engine in close collaboration with the brothers.

    The Wright brothers' status as inventors of the airplane has been subject to counter-claims by various parties. Much controversy persists over the many competing claims of early aviators. Edward Roach, historian for the Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park argues that they were excellent self-taught engineers who could run a small company, but they did not have the business skills or temperament to dominate the growing aviation industry. - Wiki

    [–] The Hindenburg disaster, May 6, 1937. marinamaral 10 points ago in ColorizedHistory

    I REALLY struggled with the explosion. It took me a long time to make it look realistic enough.

    [–] The Hindenburg disaster, May 6, 1937. marinamaral 4 points ago in ColorizedHistory

    Thank you! I hope you have a chance to read the book too.

    [–] The Hindenburg disaster, May 6, 1937. marinamaral 4 points ago in ColorizedHistory

    Yes, but the experience of seeing the photos on paper is totally different!

    [–] Brazilian artist Marina Amaral painstakingly colorized this image of The Hindenberg, May 6, 1937. marinamaral 1 points ago in CatastrophicFailure

    There’s no watermark on the original photo (the one in the book), but DailyMail decided to credit Getty (because they provided the black and white version) when they shared the pic on their website yesterday.